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Vesta Collisional History Revealed by DAWN

Marchi, S. and McSween, H.Y. and O'Brien, D.P. and Schenk, P. and De sanctis, M.C. and Gaskell, R.W. and Hiesinger, H. and Jaumann, R. and Mottola, S. and Preusker, Frank and Raymond, C.A. and Roatsch, Thomas and Russell, C.T. and Yingst, R. Aileen (2012) Vesta Collisional History Revealed by DAWN. In: Copernicus. EGU 2012, 22.04-27.04.2012, Wien, Österreich.

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Abstract

Vesta is a 530 km diameter differentiated rocky body in the main asteroid belt that accreted within the first few million years after the formation of the earliest solar system solids [1,2,3]. These circumstances, along with the fact that Vesta's surface is probably sampled in meteorite collections (the so-called howardite, eucrite and diogenite (HED) meteorites), make Vesta one of the best targets for studying the early evolution of the main belt. According to current dynamical models [4,5,6], Vesta early evolution took place in an environment where collisions with other asteroids were much more frequent than today. These considerations lead us to deal with fundamental questions, such as: How much of Vesta history can be inferred from remote sensing, and in particular from cratering studies? Can this history inform us about the past evolution of the main asteroid belt and the solar system? Can radiometric ages of HEDs be used to establish a Vesta crater chronology to be compared and, possibly extend, the Apollo-based lunar crater chronology? Dawn observations of Vesta confirm and extend the range of geologic and impact processes seen on smaller asteroids. One of the obvious features emerging from these observations is that the surface of Vesta is dominated at all scales by impact craters. The lack of many of the obliteration processes that may occur on larger bodies (e.g., erosion on Mars, Venus; lava emplacement on the Moon and Mercury) allows for greater preservation of craters on Vesta. Observed crater sizes range from the resolution limit (10s of meters for the low-altitude mapping orbit) to the largest ~500-km impact basin at the south pole, called Rheasilvia. The Framing Camera on the Dawn spacecraft extensively imaged Vesta during its Survey phase, at an altitude of about 2700 km. These data have been used to build a global mosaic with a scale of 260 m/px, covering about 85% of Vesta's surface [7]. At the moment of writing, we have identified and catalogued 3457 craters ≥2 km, of which 1872 are ≥ 4 km, and 12 are ≥50 km (several large and degraded craters have been identified thanks to digital terrain models). The work is in progress as more and more data become available. Here we present an overview of Vesta global crater catalogue and we discuss how this precious database can inform us about the above mentioned major questions and solar system processes. [1] Trinquier A. et al. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 72, 5146-5163 (2008). [2] Nyquist L.E. et al. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 73, 5115-5136 (2009). [3] McSween H.Y. et al. Space Sci. Rev. 163, 141-174 (2011). [4] Bottke W.F. et al. Icarus 179, 63 (2005). [5] O'Brien D.P. et al. Icarus 191, 434 (2007). [6] Morbidelli A. et al. AJ 140, 1391 (2010). [7] Jaumann R. et al. EPSC-DPS Joint Meeting, 2-7 October 2011, Nantes, France

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/80576/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Title:Vesta Collisional History Revealed by DAWN
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Marchi, S.Department of Astronomy, University of PaduaUNSPECIFIED
McSween, H.Y.University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USAUNSPECIFIED
O'Brien, D.P.Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ, United States.UNSPECIFIED
Schenk, P.Lunar and Planetary Institute, 3600 Bay Area Blvd, Houston TX 77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
De sanctis, M.C.Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Rome, Italy.UNSPECIFIED
Gaskell, R.W.Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ, USAUNSPECIFIED
Hiesinger, H.Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterUNSPECIFIED
Jaumann, R.ralf.jaumann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Mottola, S.stefano.mottola (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Preusker, Frankfrank.preusker (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Raymond, C.A.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099, USAUNSPECIFIED
Roatsch, Thomasthomas.roatsch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Russell, C.T.Institute of Geophysics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095UNSPECIFIED
Yingst, R. AileenPlanetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ, United States.UNSPECIFIED
Date:April 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Copernicus
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Vesta, Dawn, colliosional history, crater, HED meteorites
Event Title:EGU 2012
Event Location:Wien, Österreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22.04-27.04.2012
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt DAWN
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Aydin, Zeynep
Deposited On:14 Jan 2013 07:18
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:39

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