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Conceptual Design of "SILVER EAGLE" - Combined Electromagnetic and Hybrid Rocket System for Suborbital Investigations

Bozic, O. and Schneider , M. and Porrmann, D. (2010) Conceptual Design of "SILVER EAGLE" - Combined Electromagnetic and Hybrid Rocket System for Suborbital Investigations. In: CD ROM IAF: Paper IAC-10-C4.6.1. 61st International Astronautical Congress (IAC), C4.6. Special Session on "Missions Enabled by New Propulsion Technologies and, 27th September – 1st October 2010, Prague, Czech Republic .

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Abstract

This paper reports on the conceptual design of a combined semi-reusable electromagnetic and hybrid rocket system for suborbital applications, which is developed by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Institute of Saint Louise (ISL). SILVER EAGLE uses a ground based Lorentz rail accelerator (LRA) to reach supersonic initial velocity. During the motion inside LRA tube the rocket vehicle is exposed to an acceleration of 3300 g’s. Later during the vehicles ascent, an advanced hybrid rocket engine is used as a second stage accelerator. Flying along a suborbital trajectory the propelled vehicle, carrying up to 5 kg payload, achieves the apogee point at an altitude between 88 and 111 km, dependent of start velocity. SILVER EAGLE is a new and flexible multipurpose suborbital vehicle, particularly advantageous for upper atmosphere investigations and microgravity experiments. The kind of payload type, mission profile, selection of launch date and repetition rate is highly variable. The first part of the paper deals with the design of a LRA with an acceleration length of 4 m. According to the mission parameters, a generic layout, considering operational parameters such as size, shape, energy and power, is discussed. Various design options such as rail segmentation, magnetic field augmentation and the applied armature technology are analyzed. Special attention is paid to technical solutions increasing the launch efficiency of the LRA on one side and on inter-stage coupling on the other side. In the second part of the paper solutions for the propelled vehicle are presented: the structure, advanced hybrid rocket engine (HRE), aerodynamic design/stabilisation and payload packages. The applied coupled aerodynamic and flight mechanic calculations based on 3DOF enable the estimation of the trajectory for different applications. The advanced HRE, based on non-cryogenic High Test Peroxide (HTP)/ Hydroxyl-Terminated Polybutadiene (HTPB) high energy propellants is described in detail. The influence of regression rates, fuel/oxidizer mixing ratio on combustion efficiency, engines specific impulse and characteristic velocity are discussed. A special feature of this propulsion system is a catalytic HTP ignition for highly reliable operation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/80421/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Conceptual Design of "SILVER EAGLE" - Combined Electromagnetic and Hybrid Rocket System for Suborbital Investigations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Bozic, O.ognjan.bozic (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schneider , M.markus.schneider (at) isl.euUNSPECIFIED
Porrmann, D.dennis.porrmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2010
Journal or Publication Title:CD ROM IAF: Paper IAC-10-C4.6.1
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Keywords:hybrid rocket engine propulsion electromagnetic launcher design
Event Title:61st International Astronautical Congress (IAC), C4.6. Special Session on "Missions Enabled by New Propulsion Technologies and
Event Location:Prague, Czech Republic
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:27th September – 1st October 2010
Organizer: International Astronautical Federation, Paris
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben AHRES (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft
Deposited By: Bozic, Dr.-Ing. Ognjan
Deposited On:08 Jan 2013 14:10
Last Modified:09 Feb 2017 19:19

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