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Global classification of MESSENGER spectral reflectance data and lab spectra comparison.

D'Amore, Mario and Helbert, Jörn and Maturilli, Alessandro and Head, J.W. and Sprague, A. L. and Izenberg, N. R. and Holsclaw, G. M. and McClintock, W. E. and Vilas, F. and Solomon, S.C. (2012) Global classification of MESSENGER spectral reflectance data and lab spectra comparison. Japan Geoscience Union Meeting, 21-25 May 2012, Tokyo, Japan.

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Abstract

The MESSENGER spacecraft continues to provide new data that change our views on the nature of Mercury’s surface. Assuming that surface composition can be derived from spectral reflectance measurements with the use of statistical techniques, we have employed unsupervised hierarchical clustering analyses to identify spectral units from MESSENGER’s Mercury Atmospheric and Surface Composition Spectrometer (MASCS) observations. To retrieve the number and spectral shapes of the different components present in the dataset, we collected all MASCS observations to date (> 1.5 milion spectra). Because there are no photometric corrections for MASCS available yet, the data were normalized to the reflectance level at 700 nm, yielding a ratio nearly independent of incidence and emission angles. Independent tests on laboratory data show that this approach is effective in reducing phase angle variations. The data were then interpolated to a fixed spatial grid, averaging the sub-pixel spectra. The product is a map of reflectance ratio, along with error and frequency maps to address potential error in the process and to assess reliability. This is the first global geographically registered cube-image of averaged MASCS spectra. We produced a spatial grid resolution between 4 pixels per degree (ppd) for global analyses and 0.5 ppd for regional studies. The unsupervised hierarchical clustering of the global MASCS cube-image produces a tree of data partition, starting from two mega-regions. The first mega-region (MR1) comprises equatorial to mid-latitudes and the second (MR2) the two poles. The boundaries of MR2 at high northern latitudes approximate those of the volcanic northern plains. MR2 areas show redder MASCS spectra than do MR1 areas. The spectral units show some correlation with surface units mapped by visible image acquired by MESSENGER and documented the presence of distinct spectral units on Mercury, as characterized by MASCS observations.Moreover, it seems to closely match some Gamma Ray Spectrometer elemental abudances results and global distribution of pyroclastic geological features. Following iteration produces finer separation of the surface in smaller regions. Each region average spectra is compared with reflectance spectra collected at the Berlin PEL laboratory. Here the angular dependency is treated as in the MASCS data, via normalization at 700nm. This allow us to start a geological and geochemical interpretations of MASCS observations. The materials selected aim to explore the analogs for Hollow-Forming Material on Mercury theory in : a komatiitic substrate with superimposed sulfides layer, due flotation in melted lava during volcanic eruption. We used komatiite spectra from PEL sample collection and various Mg-, Ca- and Mn- bearing sulfides. both at low and high temperature to explore the thermal schok effect on sulfide volatilization and on komatiitic substrate.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/80297/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Keynote)
Title:Global classification of MESSENGER spectral reflectance data and lab spectra comparison.
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
D'Amore, MarioMario.Damore (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Helbert, JörnJoern.Helbert (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Maturilli, AlessandroAlessandro.Maturilli (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Head, J.W.Department of Geological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA UNSPECIFIED
Sprague, A. L.LPL Univ. Arizona UNSPECIFIED
Izenberg, N. R.JHU/APL, United States UNSPECIFIED
Holsclaw, G. M.Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, Boulder, CO, USA UNSPECIFIED
McClintock, W. E.Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, Boulder, CO, USA UNSPECIFIED
Vilas, F.Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ 85719, USAUNSPECIFIED
Solomon, S.C.Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964, USA.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2012
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:MESSENGER Mercury
Event Title:Japan Geoscience Union Meeting
Event Location:Tokyo, Japan
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21-25 May 2012
Organizer:Japan Geoscience Union
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben BepiColombo (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Experimentelle Planetenphysik
Deposited By: Amore, Dr. Mario
Deposited On:08 Jan 2013 10:01
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:39

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