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Back to the Moon: The scientific rationale for resuming lunar surface exploration

Crawford, I.A. and Anand, M. and Cockell, C.S. and Falcke, H. and Green, D.A. and Jaumann, R. and Wieczorek, M.A. (2012) Back to the Moon: The scientific rationale for resuming lunar surface exploration. Planetary and Space Science, 74 (1), pp. 3-14. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2012.06.002.

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The lunar geological record has much to tell us about the earliest history of the Solar System, the origin and evolution of the Earth–Moon system, the geological evolution of rocky planets, and the near-Earth cosmic environment throughout Solar System history. In addition, the lunar surface offers outstanding opportunities for research in astronomy, astrobiology, fundamental physics, life sciences and human physiology and medicine. This paper provides an interdisciplinary review of outstanding lunar science objectives in all of these different areas. It is concluded that addressing them satisfactorily will require an end to the 40-year hiatus of lunar surface exploration, and the placing of new scientific instruments on, and the return of additional samples from, the surface of the Moon. Some of these objectives can be achieved robotically (e.g., through targeted sample return, the deployment of geophysical networks, and the placing of antennas on the lunar surface to form radio telescopes). However, in the longer term, most of these scientific objectives would benefit significantly from renewed human operations on the lunar surface. For these reasons it is highly desirable that current plans for renewed robotic surface exploration of the Moon are developed in the context of a future human lunar exploration programme, such as that proposed by the recently formulated Global Exploration Roadmap.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/80283/
Document Type:Article
Title:Back to the Moon: The scientific rationale for resuming lunar surface exploration
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Crawford, I.A.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Birkbeck College, Malet Street, London WC1E7HX, UK; Centre for Planetary Sciences at UCL/Birkbeck, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Anand, M.Planetary and Space Sciences, Department of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK76AA, UK; Department of Mineralogy, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, C.S.School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Falcke, H.Department of Astrophysics, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON), Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands; Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Green, D.A.Centre of Human and Aerospace Physiological Sciences, King’s College London, London SE11UL, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wieczorek, M.A.Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Univ Paris Diderot, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:December 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Planetary and Space Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 3-14
Keywords:Moon; Lunar science; Lunar geology; Lunar geophysics; Lunar astronomy; Space exploration; Astrobiology; Space life sciences; Space medicine
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Exploration of the Solar System
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Aydin, Zeynep
Deposited On:09 Jan 2013 08:42
Last Modified:26 Mar 2013 13:45

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