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Height-resolved Scaling Properties of Water Vapor in the Mesoscale using Airborne Lidar Observations

Fischer, Lucas and Craig, George and Kiemle, C. (2012) Height-resolved Scaling Properties of Water Vapor in the Mesoscale using Airborne Lidar Observations. AGU 2012, 3.-7.12.2012, San Francisco, USA.

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Abstract

Free tropospheric water vapor variability, measured by long-range airborne differential-absorption lidar, has been analyzed by using structure functions of different orders at altitudes from 2 to 10 km. It is shown that the water vapor field exhibits scale invariance at spatial scales ranging from 5km to 100km, where scaling behavior is defined as a power law dependence of structure functions on length scale. In contrast to one-dimensional in situ measurements, two-dimensional water vapor lidar observations allow height-resolved analysis of scaling exponents with a vertical resolution of 200m. Using this data a clear distinction was found between scaling properties above and below an air-mass boundary. Data has been analysed from three campaigns, COPS/ETReC (2007) collected during summertime in middle and south Europe, T-PARC (2008) collected during late summer around Japan mostly over sea and T-IPY (2008) collected during winter around Spitsbergen mostly over sea. After discarding flights with low lidar signals or large data gaps, and after horizontal averaging to a resolution of 1-5km to obtain a high signal to noise ratio, structure functions were computed for 20 flights at various heights with a total length of more than 300,000 km. Scaling exponents were obtained for structure functions up to fifth order, and results will be presented for first and second order structure functions and for intermittency (variation of the scaling exponent with increasing order). The scaling exponents show no significant latitudinal, seasonal and land/sea dependence, but show significantly different behavior depending on whether the time series occured in an air mass influenced by cumulus convection or not. A classification of the time series into two groups according to whether the series occurred above or below the level of nearby convective cloud tops was performed by detecting the cloud height from the lidar backscatter signal of the corresponding flight. It was found that exponents can be divided into two groups depending on the respective air mass. In particular the first-order scaling exponent varies from less than 0.5 in the low-level convectively influenced air masses to values greater than 0.5 and most frequently near 0.6 in the higher-level air above the convective cloud tops. Furthermore, the intermittency is larger in convectively influenced air masses. These changes in variability strongly suggest that convection provides a source of moisture variability on small scales. Our results show that the high horizontal and vertical resolution of lidar observations allow a characterization of the scale dependence of the water vapor field at scales close to and smaller than the smallest resolved scales in modern weather and climate models. This characterisation provides both a reference for validation of high resolution models and a basis for the design of stochastic or pdf-based parameterizations of clouds and convection.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/79492/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Height-resolved Scaling Properties of Water Vapor in the Mesoscale using Airborne Lidar Observations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fischer, LucasMIM, LMU MünchenUNSPECIFIED
Craig, GeorgeMIM, LMU MünchenUNSPECIFIED
Kiemle, C.DLR-IPAUNSPECIFIED
Date:6 December 2012
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Subgrid-scale parameterization, Scaling: spatial and temporal, Fractals and multifractals.
Event Title:AGU 2012
Event Location:San Francisco, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:3.-7.12.2012
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport, Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space, Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation, ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt, Aeronautics
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung, L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben LIDAR-Forschung und -Entwicklung, L - Climate, Weather and Environment (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Kiemle, Dr.rer.nat. Christoph
Deposited On:18 Dec 2012 10:09
Last Modified:11 Feb 2013 14:43

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