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Hydrocode simulations of the largest crater on asteroid Lutetia

Cremonese, G. and Martellato, E. and Marzari, F. and Kührt, E. and Scholten, F. and Preusker, Frank and Wünnemann, K. and Borin, P. and Massironi, M. and Simoni, E. and Ip, W-H. and OSIRIS, team (2012) Hydrocode simulations of the largest crater on asteroid Lutetia. Planetary and Space Science, 66 (1), pp. 147-154. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2012.01.001.

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The flyby of the Main Belt asteroid Lutetia by the Rosetta spacecraft allows the camera OSIRIS to obtain very good images of about half of the body at the maximum resolution of 60 m per pixel. From the images and radio-science experiment, a density of about (3.4±0.3) g/cm3 has been inferred for the asteroid. Many impact craters have been observed on the surface of Lutetia and the largest, named Massilia, has a diameter of about 55 km. Relative to the size of Lutetia (the longest axis is approximately 126 km) the crater represents one of the dominating features on its surface. Whether or not the impact that formed Massilia affected the entire asteroid can be only evaluated via numerical modeling, with hydrocodes, of the impact process. The results of a suite of iSALE simulations are compared with the crater profile derived from the Digital Terrain Model of the observed surface. The best match to the DTM of the crater with hydrocode simulations has allowed to determine a value of 7.5 km for the impactor diameter, which suggests a primordial origin of Lutetia due to the low probability of such an impact event. A second interesting impact structure has been identified nearby Massilia within the North Pole Crater Cluster. The crater has a diameter of 24 km and it lies over a larger crater of the North Pole Crater Cluster. This is strongly suggestive of a very young structure on Lutetia. The numerical simulations of this feature constrain the impactor to be 3.8 km in diameter, assuming the same material properties for target and impactor as in the model of the formation of Massilia.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/78590/
Document Type:Article
Title:Hydrocode simulations of the largest crater on asteroid Lutetia
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Cremonese, G.INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico, Padova, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Martellato, E.Univ. di Padova, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Marzari, F.INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico, Padova, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wünnemann, K.Museum für Naturkunde, Leibnitz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity at the Humboldt University, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Borin, P.INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico, Padova, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Massironi, M.Department of Geosciences, University of Padova, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ip, W-H.Institute for Space Science, National Central University, Chung Li, TaiwanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Planetary and Space Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 147-154
Keywords: Lutetia; Asteroids; Impacts; Numerical modeling; Cratering; Rosetta
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project ROSETTA Instruments (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Asteroids and Comets
Deposited By: Brumm, Laura-Maria
Deposited On:21 Nov 2012 09:51
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:48

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