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Hydrogen production via sulfur-based thermochemical cycles: Part 3: Durability and post-characterization of silicon carbide honeycomb substrates coated with metal oxide-based candidate catalysts for the sulfuric acid decomposition step

Karagiannakis, George and Agrafiotis, Christos and Pagkoura, Chrysoula and Konstandopoulos, Athanasios G. and Thomey, Dennis and de Oliveira, Lamark and Roeb, Martin and Sattler, Christian (2012) Hydrogen production via sulfur-based thermochemical cycles: Part 3: Durability and post-characterization of silicon carbide honeycomb substrates coated with metal oxide-based candidate catalysts for the sulfuric acid decomposition step. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 37 (10), pp. 8190-8203. Elsevier.

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Abstract

This work is a follow-up of previous efforts reported on the synthesis of various single and mixed oxide materials and their evaluation as catalysts for the sulfuric acid dissociation reaction for the production of SO2 and O2. The current work concerns the comparative catalytic assessment of Fe2O3, CuO, Cu-Fe, Fe-Cr, Cu-Al and Cu-Fe-Al mixed oxides coated as catalysts on silicon carbide monolithic honeycomb structures, with respect to sulfuric acid decomposition reaction conditions for 100 hours at 850oC and ambient pressure, as well as their ex-situ characterization after such operation. The exposure conditions are representative to a potential future real application. and Tthe exposure time, although of relatively short-term, is adequate to extract safe conclusions on the stability and therefore to a large -extendt also on the suitability of the candidate oxide-based catalysts. All catalytic systems tested exhibited high SO3 conversions reaching or exceeding 70% for space velocities in the order range of 5-35 h-1. For some of the samples, the relatively high initial activity decreased by about 5-10 percentage points in the course of the 100 hours testing, reaching stable mean values. It was concluded that Fe2O3, CuO and the Fe-Cr mixed oxide retained their chemical and structural stability after exposure to reaction conditions, while the other three mixed oxides studied suffered from significant phase decomposition phenomena. Based on the fact that the catalytic activity of the Fe-Cr mixed oxide, as identified in a previous study, was found higher than the ones of Fe2O3 and CuO and relatively close to the one of the highly-active but costly Pt/Al2O3 catalyst, it seems that theis particular mixed oxide is considered can be a promising catalyst for the SO3 dissociation reaction.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/77723/
Document Type:Article
Title:Hydrogen production via sulfur-based thermochemical cycles: Part 3: Durability and post-characterization of silicon carbide honeycomb substrates coated with metal oxide-based candidate catalysts for the sulfuric acid decomposition step
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Karagiannakis, GeorgeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Agrafiotis, ChristosUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pagkoura, ChrysoulaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Konstandopoulos, Athanasios G.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thomey, DennisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Oliveira, LamarkUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Roeb, MartinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sattler, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2012
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:37
Page Range:pp. 8190-8203
Publisher:Elsevier
Status:Published
Keywords:thermochemical cycles, hydrogen, sulfuric acid dissociation, metal oxide catalysts, honeycomb reactors, solar chemistry
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:E SF - Solar research (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solare Verfahrenstechnik (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Solare Verfahrenstechnik
Deposited By: Roeb, Dr.rer.nat. Martin
Deposited On:08 Oct 2012 10:53
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 15:47

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