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Using the Moon as a High-Fidelity Analogue Environment to Study Biological and Behavioural Effects of Long-Duration Space Exploration

Goswami, Nandu and Roma, Peter G. and De Boever, Patrick and Clément, Gilles and Hargens, Alan R. and Loeppky, Jack A. and Evans, Joyce M. and Stein, T. Peter and Blaber, Andrew P. and Van Loon, Jack J.W.A. and Mano, Tadaaki and Iwase, Satoshi and Reitz, Guenther and Hinghofer-Szalkay, Helmut G. (2012) Using the Moon as a High-Fidelity Analogue Environment to Study Biological and Behavioural Effects of Long-Duration Space Exploration. Planetary and Space Science, Epub ahead of print (in press). Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2012.07.030.

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Due to its proximity to Earth, the Moon is a promising candidate for the location of an extra-terrestrial human colony. In addition to being a high-fidelity platform for research on reduced gravity, radiation risk, and circadian disruption, the Moon qualifies as an isolated, confined, and extreme (ICE) environment suitable as an analogue for studying the psychosocial effects of long-duration human space exploration missions and understanding these processes. In contrast, the various Antarctic research outposts such as Concordia and McMurdo serve as valuable platforms for studying biobehavioral adaptations to ICE environments, but are still Earth-bound, and thus lack the low-gravity and radiation risks of space. The International Space Station (ISS), itself now considered an analogue environment for long-duration missions, better approximates the habitable infrastructure limitations of a lunar colony than most Antarctic settlements in an altered gravity setting. However, the ISS is still protected against cosmic radiation by the earth magnetic field, which prevents high exposures due to solar particle events and reduces exposures to galactic cosmic radiation. On Moon the ICE environments are strengthened, radiations of all energies are present capable of inducing performance degradation, as well as reduced gravity and lunar dust. The interaction of reduced gravity, radiation exposure, and ICE conditions may affect biology and behavior--and ultimately mission success--in ways the scientific and operational communities have yet to appreciate, therefore a long-term or permanent human presence on the Moon would ultimately provide invaluable high-fidelity opportunities for integrated multidisciplinary research and for preparations of a manned mission to Mars.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/77077/
Document Type:Article
Title:Using the Moon as a High-Fidelity Analogue Environment to Study Biological and Behavioural Effects of Long-Duration Space Exploration
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Goswami, NanduInstitute of Physiology, Center of Physiological Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria, EUUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Roma, Peter G. Institutes for Behavior Resources, Baltimore, MD, USA and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
De Boever, Patrick Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Mol, Belgium, EU and Hasselt University, Centre for Environmental Sciences, Diepenbeek, Belgium, EUUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Clément, Gilles International Space University, Strasbourg, France, EUUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hargens, Alan R. University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Loeppky, Jack A. Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Evans, Joyce M. Center for Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stein, T. Peter Department of Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Stratford, NJ, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Blaber, Andrew P. Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, CanadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Van Loon, Jack J.W.A. Dutch Experiment Support Center (DESC), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, EUUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mano, Tadaaki Gifu University of Medical Science, Gifu, JapanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Iwase, Satoshi Aichi Medical University, Aichi, JapanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reitz, Guenther Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin, Strahlenbiologie, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hinghofer-Szalkay, Helmut G. Institute of Physiology, Center of Physiological Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Harrachgasse 21, A-8010 Graz, Austria, EUUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Planetary and Space Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:Epub ahead of print (in press)
Keywords:Physiology, Orthostatic tolerance, Muscle deconditioning, Behavioural health, Psychosocial adaptation, Radiation, Lunar dust, Genes, Proteomics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old), Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space (old), Space
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums, Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Space, Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums, R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben MSL-Radiation (old), R - Vorhaben MSL-Radiation (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:27 Aug 2012 08:05
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 20:40

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