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Fuel Cells for civil aircraft application: On-board production of power, water and inert gas

Renouard-Vallet, Gwenaelle and Saballus, Martin and Schumann, Peter and Kallo, Josef and Friedrich, K. Andreas and Müller-Steinhagen, Hans (2012) Fuel Cells for civil aircraft application: On-board production of power, water and inert gas. Chemical Engineering Research & Design, 90, pp. 3-10. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.cherd.2011.07016 ISSN 0263-8762

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Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/cherd


Fuel cell systems are regarded as a promising solution for future electrical energy generation on board of commercial aircraft. In addition to an improved efficiency such systems offer the opportunity of producing water usable for on-board purposes and provide additional functions such as inerting (providing a non-inflammable atmosphere) of the jet fuel tank. This paper presents an evaluation and assessment of different system architectures as well as experimental results demonstrating the feasibility of the multiple functions in a laboratory set-up. First, the conventional system requirements and the results reported by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) are discussed. A system design evaluation based on simulating cruise and ground operation of aircraft is performed demonstrating the benefits of systems with pressurized hydrogen tank storage and cabin air use. The requirements for a fuel cell system regarding aircraft inerting function are calculated based on the FAA analysis. Experimental results based on laboratory systems confirm the feasibility of the implementation of various functions with a single fuel cell system. Test platforms for further investigation of the systems are shortly described.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/76825/
Document Type:Article
Title:Fuel Cells for civil aircraft application: On-board production of power, water and inert gas
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Renouard-Vallet, Gwenaellegwenaelle-marie-lucette.renouard-vallet (at) airbus.comUNSPECIFIED
Saballus, Martinmartin.saballus (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kallo, Josefjosef.kallo (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Friedrich, K. Andreasandreas.friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Müller-Steinhagen, Hansrektor (at) tu-dresden.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Chemical Engineering Research & Design
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.cherd.2011.07016
Page Range:pp. 3-10
Keywords:Fuel cells, aviation, multi-functional systems, reduction of emissions
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport, Energy
HGF - Program:Aeronautics, Efficient Energy Conversion (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research (old), E EV - Energy process technology (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics, Energy
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research, E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Systems & Cabin (old), E - Elektrochemische Prozesse (old)
Location: Stuttgart , Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Friedrich, Prof.Dr. Kaspar Andreas
Deposited On:06 Aug 2012 13:58
Last Modified:26 Feb 2013 15:06

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