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High-fidelity optimization framework for helicopter rotors

Imiela, Manfred (2012) High-fidelity optimization framework for helicopter rotors. Aerospace Science and Technology, 23 (1), pp. 1-16. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.ast.2011.12.011. ISSN 1270-9638.

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An optimization framework for helicopter rotors based on high-fidelity coupled CFD/CSM analyses is presented. For this purpose the optimization software DAKOTA has been linked to a parametric geometry unit, a mesh generation unit and a fluid�structure module which consists of the DLR flow solver FLOWer coupled with the Comprehensive Rotorcraft Code HOST from Eurocopter. The optimizations themselves are carried out on coarse meshes while the results are verified on fine meshes. The mesh discretization in hover is based on a preliminary mesh refinement study. For forward flight the mesh discretization is in alignment with values from the literature. The optimization framework is first applied to various optimization problems in hover starting with the easy task of optimizing the twist rate for the 7A model rotor. The second optimization case investigates the effects of a combined Twist and Sweep optimization. The last optimization in hover involves all design parameters, namely Twist, Chord, Sweep, Anhedral, Transtart, Tipstart showing its superiority over simpler optimization problems with respect to the achieved improvement. In the next step the framework is operated in forward flight. The optimization of Twist yields only small improvements in comparison with the 7A rotor indicating that the baseline rotor is already optimized for this type of flow condition. Finally a multi-objective optimization for Twist is carried out in order to find a compromise design between the conflicting goal functions for hover and forward flight.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/76422/
Document Type:Article
Title:High-fidelity optimization framework for helicopter rotors
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Imiela, Manfredmanfred.imiela (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:December 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Aerospace Science and Technology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.ast.2011.12.011
Page Range:pp. 1-16
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Series Name:Aerospace Science and Technology
Keywords:Helicopter, Rotor, Aerodynamic, Optimization, Fluid-Structure-Interaction
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Rotorcraft (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L RR - Rotorcraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - The Innovative Rotorcraft (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Helicopters
Deposited By: Imiela, Manfred
Deposited On:09 Jan 2013 09:11
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 15:45

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