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Fusing stereo and multispectral data from WorldView-2 for urban modeling

Krauß, Thomas and Sirmacek, Beril and Arefi, Hossein and Reinartz, Peter (2012) Fusing stereo and multispectral data from WorldView-2 for urban modeling. In: Proc. SPIE, 8390 (2012), pp. 1-15. SPIE. SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing 2012, 23-27 Apr 2012, Baltimore, MD, USA.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.917801

Abstract

Using the capability of WorldView-2 to acquire very high resolution (VHR) stereo imagery together with as much as eight spectral channels allows the worldwide monitoring of any built up areas, like cities in evolving states. In this paper we show the benefit of generating a high resolution digital surface model (DSM) from multi-view stereo data (PAN) and fusing it with pan sharpened multi-spectral data to arrive at very detailed information in city areas. The fused data allow accurate object detection and extraction and by this also automated object oriented classification and future change detection applications. The methods proposed in this paper exploit the full range of capacities provided by WorldView-2, which are the high agility to acquire a minimum of two but also more in-orbit-images with small stereo angles, the very high ground sampling distance (GSD) of about 0.5 m and also the full usage of the standard four multispectral channels blue, green, red and near infrared together with the additional provided channels special to WorldView-2: coastal blue, yellow, red-edge and a second near infrared channel. From the very high resolution stereo panchromatic imagery a so called height map is derived using the semi global matching (SGM) method developed at DLR. This height map fits exactly on one of the original pan sharpened images. This in turn is used for an advanced rule based fuzzy spectral classification. Using these classification results the height map is corrected and finally a terrain model and an improved normalized digital elevation model (nDEM) generated. Fusing the nDEM with the classified multispectral imagery allows the extraction of urban objects like like buildings or trees. If such datasets from different times are generated the possibility of an expert object based change detection (in quasi 3D space) and automatic surveillance will become possible.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/76409/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Fusing stereo and multispectral data from WorldView-2 for urban modeling
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Krauß, ThomasDLR-MFUNSPECIFIED
Sirmacek, BerilDLR-MFUNSPECIFIED
Arefi, HosseinDLR-MFUNSPECIFIED
Reinartz, PeterDLR-MFUNSPECIFIED
Date:26 April 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Proc. SPIE
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:8390
Page Range:pp. 1-15
Publisher:SPIE
Series Name:Proc. SPIE
Status:Published
Keywords:digital surface models, multispectral/DEM fusion, urban areas, object detection, WorldView-2, optical stereo imagery
Event Title:SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing 2012
Event Location:Baltimore, MD, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:23-27 Apr 2012
Organizer:SPIE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben hochauflösende Fernerkundungsverfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Photogrammetry and Image Analysis
Deposited By: Krauß, Thomas
Deposited On:16 Jul 2012 08:23
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:42

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