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Development of EC 135 Turbulence Models via System Identification

Seher-Weiß, S. and von Grünhagen, Wolfgang (2009) Development of EC 135 Turbulence Models via System Identification. In: Proceedings of the 35th European Rotorcraft Forum. 35th European Rotorcraft Forum, 22.-25 Sept. 2009, Hamburg, Germany.

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Abstract

The paper focuses on the development of empirical hover and low-speed turbulence models in particular for the EC 135 helicopter. The approach used is the Control Equivalent Turbulence Input method, i.e. the determination of control inputs required to generate aircraft angular and vertical rates in calm conditions that are consistent with rates observed when flying in atmospheric turbulence. For the extraction process, this method uses a mathematical model of the aircraft dynamics and aircraft angular and vertical rates measured during flight tests in turbulence. Analyzing and modeling the power spectral densities of the extracted control disturbances allows to generate low order equivalent turbulence models that can be used for control system optimization, handling qualities investigations, and pilot training. The paper describes the two applications of system identification within the development of the turbulence model: First a high fidelity state space model of the EC 135 helicopter model in hover has to be developed as a prerequisite for the extraction of the equivalent control input traces from flights tests in turbulence. Once the control equivalent turbulence input traces have been extracted and their power spectral densities determined, a second identification step yields the desired turbulence models. The paper also presents some validation of the derived turbulence models.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/76020/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:Development of EC 135 Turbulence Models via System Identification
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Seher-Weiß, S.susanne.seher-weiss (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
von Grünhagen, WolfgangWolfgang.Gruenhagen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2009
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the 35th European Rotorcraft Forum
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:turbulence modeling, system identification, control equivalent turbulence models
Event Title:35th European Rotorcraft Forum
Event Location:Hamburg, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22.-25 Sept. 2009
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Rotorcraft (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L RR - Rotorcraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - The Smart Rotorcraft (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Rotorcraft
Deposited By: Fischer, Bärbel
Deposited On:18 Jun 2012 09:57
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:48

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