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Probes to the Inferior Planets - a New Dawn for NEO and IEO Detection Technology Demonstration from Heliocentric Orbits Interior to the Earth’s?

Grundmann, Jan Thimo and Mottola, Stefano and Drentschew, Maximilian and Drobczyk, Martin and Kahle, Ralph and Maiwald, Volker and Quantius, Dominik and Zabel, Paul and van Zoest, Tim (2011) Probes to the Inferior Planets - a New Dawn for NEO and IEO Detection Technology Demonstration from Heliocentric Orbits Interior to the Earth’s? In: IAA WPP-323 - 2011 IAA Planetary Defense Conference - From threat to action. ESA. 2011 IAA Planetary Defense Conference, 09.-12. Mai 2011, Bukarest, Rumänien.


Official URL: http://www.pdc2011.org/


With the launch of MESSENGER and Venus Express, a new wave of exploration of the inner solar system has begun. Noting the growing number of probes to the inner solar system, it is proposed to connect the expertise of the respective spacecraft teams and the NEO and IEO survey community to best utilize the extended cruise phases and to provide additional data return in support of pure science as well as planetary defence. Several missions to Venus and Mercury are planned to follow in this decade. Increased interest in the inferior planets is accompanied by several missions designed to study the Sun and the interplanetary medium (IPM) from a position near or in Earth orbit, such as the STEREO probes and SDO. These augment established solar observation capabilities at the Sun-Earth L1 Lagrangian point such as the SOHO spacecraft. Thus, three distinct classes of spacecraft operate or observe interior to Earth's orbit. All these spacecraft carry powerful multispectral cameras optimized for their respective primary targets. MESSENGER is scheduled to end its six-year interplanetary cruise in March 2011 to enter Mercury orbit, but a similarly extended cruise with several gravity-assists awaits the European Mercury mission BepiColombo. Unfortunately, the automatic abort of the orbit insertion manoeuvre has also left Akatsuki (a.k.a. Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO), Planet-C) stranded in heliocentric orbit. After an unintended fly-by, the probe will catch up with Venus in approximately six years. Meanwhile, it stays mostly interior to Venus in a planet-leading orbit. In addition to the study of comets and their interaction with the IPM, observations of small bodies akin to those carried out by outer solar system probes are occasionally attempted with the equipment available. The study of structures in the interplanetary dust (IPD) cloud has been a science objective during the cruise phase of the Japanese Venus probe Akatsuki from Earth to Venus. IPD observations in the astronomical H-band (1.65 µm) are supported by its IR2 camera down to 1.5 µW/m2sr in single 2 minute exposures. In the same setting, point sources of 13 mag can be detected. Obviously, a number of large asteroids exceed this threshold. The Earthguard-1 study, completed in 2003 by the DLR Institute of Planetary Research and Kayser-Threde under ESA contract, proposed a dedicated steerable Ø20...35 cm telescope and CCD camera payload on a probe to the inner solar system, to detect Near-Earth and Inner-Earth Objects (NEOs, IEOs) in favourable opposition geometry. A ride-share on a Mercury orbiter and a dedicated low-thrust propulsion spacecraft to a heliocentric 0.5 AU orbit were studied. A similar-sized telescope is presently being developed for the AsteroidFinder satellite of DLR. Therefore, the technical feasibility of a number of asteroid observation scenarios involving spacecraft and targets interior to Earth’s orbit is assessed based on the latest available spacecraft information and asteroid population models. A rough estimate of the required effort in terms of ground-based spacecraft operations and on-board resources is given for selected representative scenarios.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/72558/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Probes to the Inferior Planets - a New Dawn for NEO and IEO Detection Technology Demonstration from Heliocentric Orbits Interior to the Earth’s?
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Grundmann, Jan Thimojan.grundmann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-0981
Drentschew, MaximilianZFT Zentrum für TelematikUNSPECIFIED
Drobczyk, MartinDLR e. V.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2 December 2011
Journal or Publication Title:IAA WPP-323 - 2011 IAA Planetary Defense Conference - From threat to action
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Asteroiden, IEO, NEO, NEA, PHO, PHA, Venus, Merkur, untere Planeten, Kamera, Planetensonde, Reisephase, Multispektral, Akatsuki, VenusExpress, MESSENGER, BepiColombo, Earthguard I, Taxonomie
Event Title:2011 IAA Planetary Defense Conference
Event Location:Bukarest, Rumänien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:09.-12. Mai 2011
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Proj. AsteroidenFinder - Spacebus (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Orbital- und Rueckkehrsysteme
Deposited By: Grundmann, Jan Thimo
Deposited On:14 Feb 2012 17:13
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:33

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