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The Brewer-Dobson circulation and total ozone from seasonal to decadal time scales

Weber, Mark and Dikty, S. and Burrows, J.P. and Garny, Hella and Dameris, Martin and Kubin, Anne and Abalichin, J. and Langematz, Ulrike (2011) The Brewer-Dobson circulation and total ozone from seasonal to decadal time scales. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, pp. 11221-11235. Copernicus Publications. doi: 10.5194/acp-11-11221-2011.


Official URL: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/11221/2011/


The effect of the winter Brewer-Dobson circulation (BDC) on the seasonal and decadal evolution of total ozone in both hemispheres is investigated using satellite total ozone data from the merged GOME/SCIAMACHY/GOME-2 (GSG) data set (1995� 2010) and outputs from two chemistry-climate models (CCM), the FUB-EMAC and DLR-E39C-A models. Combining data from both hemispheres a linear relationship between the winter average extratropical 100 hPa eddy heat flux and the ozone ratio with respect to fall ozone levels exists and is statistically significant for tropical as well as polar ozone. The high correlation at high latitudes persists well into the summer months until the onset of the next winter season. The anti-correlation of the cumulative eddy heat flux with tropical ozone ratios, however, breaks down in spring as the polar vortex erodes and changes to a weak positive correlation similar to that observed at high latitudes. The inter-annual variability and decadal evolution of ozone in each hemisphere in winter, spring, and summer are therefore driven by the cumulative effect of the previous winter�s meridional circulation. This compact linear relationship is also found in both CCMs used in this study indicating that current models realistically describe the variability in stratospheric circulation and its effect on total ozone. Both models show a positive trend in the winter mean eddy heat flux (and winter BDC (strength) in both hemispheres unti l year 2050, however the inter-annual variability (peak-to-peak) is two to three times larger than the mean change between 1960 and 2050. It is, nevertheless, possible to detect a shift in this compact linear relationship related to past and future changes in the stratospheric halogen load. Using the SBUV/TOMS/OMI (MOD V8) merged data set (1980�2010), it can be shown that from the decade 1990�1999 to 2000�2010 this linear relationship remained unchanged (before and after the turnaround in the stratospheric halogen load), while a shift is evident between 1980�1989 (upward trend in stratospheric halogen) and the 1990s, which is a clear sign that an onset of recovery is detectable despite the large variability in polar ozone. Because of the large variability from year to year in the BDC circulation substantial polar ozone depletion may still occur in coming decades in selected winters with weak BDC and very low polar stratospheric temperatures.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/71677/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Brewer-Dobson circulation and total ozone from seasonal to decadal time scales
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Kubin, AnneFUB MeteorologieUNSPECIFIED
Abalichin, J.FUB MeteorologieUNSPECIFIED
Langematz, UlrikeFUB MeteorologieUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.5194/acp-11-11221-2011
Page Range:pp. 11221-11235
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
Keywords:Stratosphere, chemistry-climate model
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Atmospheric and climate research
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics
Deposited By: Dameris, Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Martin
Deposited On:18 Nov 2011 15:47
Last Modified:02 May 2019 14:04

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