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Monitoring the Extent of Contamination from Acid Mine Drainage in the Iberian Pyrite Belt (SW Spain) Using Hyperspectral Imagery

Riaza, Asuncion and Buzzi, Jorge and García-Meléndez, Eduardo and Carrère , Veronique and Müller, Andreas (2011) Monitoring the Extent of Contamination from Acid Mine Drainage in the Iberian Pyrite Belt (SW Spain) Using Hyperspectral Imagery. Remote Sensing, pp. 2166-2186. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/rs3102166. ISSN 2166-2186.

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Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/3/10/2166/


Monitoring mine waste from sulfide deposits by hyperspectral remote sensing can be used to predict surface water quality by quantitatively estimating acid drainage and metal contamination on a yearly basis. In addition, analysis of the mineralogy of surface crusts rich in soluble salts can provide a record of annual humidity and temperature. In fact, temporal monitoring of salt efflorescence from mine wastes at a mine site in the Iberian Pyrite Belt (Huelva, Spain) has been achieved using hyperspectral airborne Hymap data. Furthermore, climate variability estimates are possible based on oxidation stages derived from well-known sequences of minerals, by tracing sulfide oxidation intensity using archive spectral libraries. Thus, airborne and spaceborne hyperspectral remote sensing data can be used to provide a short-term record of climate change, and represent a useful set of tools for assessing environmental geoindicators in semi-arid areas. Spectral and geomorphological indicators can be monitored on a regular basis through image processing, supported by field and laboratory spectral data. In fact, hyperspectral image analysis is one of the methods selected by the Joint Research Centre of the European Community (Ispra, Italy) to study abandoned mine sites, in order to assess the enforcement of the European Mine Waste Directive (2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council 15 March 2006) on the management of waste from extractive industries (Official Journal of the European Union, 11 April 2006). The pyrite belt in Andalucia has been selected as one of the core mission test sites for the PECOMINES II program (Cracow, November 2005), using imaging spectroscopy; and this technique is expected to be implemented as a monitoring tool by the Environmental Net of Andalucía (REDIAM, Junta de Andalucía, Spain).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/71302/
Document Type:Article
Title:Monitoring the Extent of Contamination from Acid Mine Drainage in the Iberian Pyrite Belt (SW Spain) Using Hyperspectral Imagery
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Riaza, AsuncionGeological Survey of Spain (IGME)UNSPECIFIED
Buzzi, JorgeGeological Survey of Spain (IGME)UNSPECIFIED
García-Meléndez, EduardoFacultad de Ciencias AmbientalesUNSPECIFIED
Carrère , VeroniqueLaboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique de NantesUNSPECIFIED
Date:14 October 2011
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 2166-2186
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Keywords:imaging spectroscopy; geology; acid mine drainage; pyrite weathering
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Prozesse der Landoberfläche (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Müller, Andreas
Deposited On:02 Nov 2011 10:55
Last Modified:14 Dec 2019 04:25

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