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Experimental studies on the “Phantom Yaw Effect” at maneuvering slender bodies

Wysocki, Oliver and Schülein, Erich (2011) Experimental studies on the “Phantom Yaw Effect” at maneuvering slender bodies. 5th European Postgraduate Fluid Dynamics Conference 2011, 09.-12. Aug. 2011, Göttingen, Germany.

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Abstract

Asymmetric vortices can occur unexpectedly on slender bodies at high angles of attack. These vortices separating from the nose or/and shoulder region induce a side force and also a corresponding yawing moment often referred to as "phantom yaw". In the last decades, there have been many experimental and also numerical studies on this phenomenon. The aim was to understand this effect and to find the in fluencing parameters. There have also been investigations on using the asymmetric vortices for control purposes in addition to the fins. Despite this, another target of research has been the suppression of the vortex inducing side forces and yawing moments in order to increase the stability of e.g. a missile in a maneuver. Most of the wind tunnel tests have been done without model motion at several but fixed angles of attack. Since slender bodies as missiles achieve these high angles of attack via very rapid pitching maneuvers, the model motion is supposed to have some impact on the test results. One reason for the lack of dynamic test data at high Reynolds numbers are high inertial and aerodynamical forces acting on the test model and it's support. They result in contradicting design issues. On the one hand, the support needs to be stiff to withstand all forces and moments and on the other hand, the aerodynamic behaviour of the model shall not be changed by the support. Nonetheless, a maneuver simulator has been built at the DLR Goettingen. By means of this device, wind tunnel tests in a transonic wind tunnel at high Mach and Reynolds numbers, pitching rates of up to omega = 700°/s and pitching maneuvers from alpha = 0 ... 45° have been done. We compared the "phantom yaw"' emergence at a clean configuration with the ones at a configuration housing a pair of symmetric longitudinal slot nozzles which were fed by natural ventilation. The results showed a yawing moment for the clean configuration at angles of attack higher than alpha = 38°. They also showed that the jet flow through the slot nozzles successfully suppressed the yawing moment by causing a fixed separation. Differences between static and dynamic tests could be seen as well.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/71175/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Experimental studies on the “Phantom Yaw Effect” at maneuvering slender bodies
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Wysocki, Oliveroliver.wysocki (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schülein, Ericherich.schuelein (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:10 August 2011
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
In DOAJ:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:phantom yaw, slender bodies, high angles of attack, asymmetric vortices
Event Title:5th European Postgraduate Fluid Dynamics Conference 2011
Event Location:Göttingen, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:09.-12. Aug. 2011
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > High Speed Configurations
Deposited By: Wysocki, Oliver
Deposited On:20 Dec 2011 13:17
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:23

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