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Impact of nocturnal railway and aircraft noise on awakening probability in the field

Elmenhorst, Eva-Maria and Müller, U. and Rolny, V. and Pennig, Sibylle and Quehl, J. and Maass, H. and Basner, M (2011) Impact of nocturnal railway and aircraft noise on awakening probability in the field. ICBEN 2011, 25.-28. juli.2011, London. (Unpublished)

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Objectives: Surveys suggest that railway noise is less annoying than aircraft noise. A study on air, road and rail traffic noise conducted by the DLR-Institute of Aerospace Medicine showed that this order is inversed regarding awakening reactions during sleep in the laboratory. The present study investigated event-related awakening reactions during sleep in a field study on railway noise comparing the results with a similar study on aircraft noise. Methods: 33 healthy participants (mean age 36.2 years ± 10.3 (SD); 22 females) living alongside railway tracks around Cologne/Bonn (Germany) were polysomnographically investigated during nine consecutive nights. The probability of noise-induced awakenings was analysed basing on 8866 recorded noise events. In a second step, these data were pooled with data from a field study on aircraft noise including 64 subjects and 10658 noise events directly comparing the effects of railway and aircraft noise in one model. Results: Probability of sleep stage changes to wake/S1 from railway noise increased significantly from 5.2% at 30 dB(A) to 15.0% at 70 dB(A) LAFmax. Comparing railway noise and aircraft noise, awakening probability decreased in the order freight train noise, aircraft noise, passenger train noise. Conclusions: Nocturnal freight train noise leads to significantly increased awakening probabilities which are higher than for aircraft noise, supporting the order found in the laboratory and contrasting the findings of annoyance surveys. Sound pressure rise time of the noise event proved to be one important factor for explaining different reaction probabilities during sleep.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/71066/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Impact of nocturnal railway and aircraft noise on awakening probability in the field
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Elmenhorst, Eva-MariaEva-Maria.Elmenhorst (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0336-6705
Müller, U.Uwe.Mueller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rolny, V.Vinzent.Rolny (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Pennig, SibylleSibylle.Pennig (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Quehl, J.Julia.Quehl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Maass, H.Hartmut.Maass (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Basner, MMathias.Basner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:railway noise, aircraft noise, field studies, awakening reactions, sleep, annoyance, doese-responce relationship
Event Title:ICBEN 2011
Event Location:London
Event Type:international Conference, Other
Event Dates:25.-28. juli.2011
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Flight Physiology
Deposited By: Slupkowski, Patrick
Deposited On:07 Oct 2011 13:30
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:47

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