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Spectral identification of pyrite mud weathering products: a field and laboratory evaluation

Riaza, Asuncion und Garcia-Melendez, Eduardo und Müller, Andreas (2011) Spectral identification of pyrite mud weathering products: a field and laboratory evaluation. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32 (1), Seiten 185-208. Taylor & Francis. DOI: 10.1080/01431160903439957

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Offizielle URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431160903439957


Monitoring of mine waste on sulphide deposits through remote-sensing hyperspectral data contributes to the prediction of potential surface-water quality, quantitatively estimating acid drainage and metal contamination on a yearly basis. Based on previous Hymap mapping of salt efflorescence on mine wastes, various domains within the mine facilities (Iberian Pyrite Belt, Spain), selected because of their geomorphological setting, were sampled to conduct a laboratory experiment. Samples from mine-waste piles, pyrite mud tailings and river sediments were continuously exposed to the atmosphere during the summer, and spectral measurements were collected in the dark room on several days. The spectral response was monitored throughout the summer, when the pyrite oxidation process is active and the mineralogy on the surface changes continuously. The mineralogical identification capability of algorithms such as the Spectral Angle Mapper, Binary Encoding and Spectral Feature Fitting based on archive spectral libraries is discussed. Trends of mineral growth differ spectrally over time according to the geological setting. Subtle mineralogical changes are described using the spectral response and their meaning as indicators of pyrite oxidation intensity on minewaste piles, pyrite mud tailings and river sediments. Therefore, sulphidemine-waste weathering products may be used as small-scale targets for a short-term record of climate variability, providing a useful tool to assess environmental geological indicators in semi-arid areas.

Titel:Spectral identification of pyrite mud weathering products: a field and laboratory evaluation
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Riaza, Asunciona.riaza@igme.deNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Garcia-Melendez, Eduardo egarm@unileon.esNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Müller, AndreasAndreas.Mueller@dlr.deNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:Februar 2011
Erschienen in:International Journal of Remote Sensing
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
DOI :10.1080/01431160903439957
Seitenbereich:Seiten 185-208
Verlag:Taylor & Francis
Stichwörter:hyperspectral remote sensing, pyrite weathering, mine waste
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Prozesse der Landoberfläche (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Deutsches Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum > Landoberfläche
Hinterlegt von: Müller, Andreas
Hinterlegt am:12 Apr 2011 12:41
Letzte Änderung:22 Apr 2013 09:13

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