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Bose-Einstein Condensation in Microgravity

van Zoest, T. and Gaaloul, N. and Singh, Y. and Ahlers, H. and Herr, W. and Seidel, S.T. and Ertmer, W. and Rasel, E. and Eckart, M. and Kajari, E. and Arnold, S. and Nandi, G. and Schleich, W.P. and Walser, R. and Vogel, A. and Sengstock, K. and Bongs, K. and Lewoczko-Adamczyk, W. and Schiemangk, M. and Schuldt, T. and Peters, A. and Könemann, T. and Müntinga, H. and Lämmerzahl, C. and Dittus, H. and Steinmetz, T. and Hänsch, T.W. and Reichel, J. (2010) Bose-Einstein Condensation in Microgravity. Science, 328, pp. 1540-1543. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). doi: 10.1126/science.1189164. ISSN 0036-8075.

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Albert Einstein’s insight that it is impossible to distinguish a local experiment in a “freely falling elevator” from one in free space led to the development of the theory of general relativity. The wave nature of matter manifests itself in a striking way in Bose-Einstein condensates, where millions of atoms lose their identity and can be described by a single macroscopic wave function. We combine these two topics and report the preparation and observation of a Bose-Einstein condensate during free fall in a 146-meter-tall evacuated drop tower. During the expansion over 1 second, the atoms form a giant coherent matter wave that is delocalized on a millimeter scale, which represents a promising source for matter-wave interferometry to test the universality of free fall with quantum matter.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/68490/
Document Type:Article
Title:Bose-Einstein Condensation in Microgravity
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
van Zoest, T.DLR-Inst. f. Raumfahrtsysteme, BremenUNSPECIFIED
Gaaloul, N.Inst. f. Quantenoptik, Leibniz-Univ. HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Singh, Y.Inst. f. Quantenoptik, Leibniz-Univ. HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Ahlers, H.Inst. f. Quantenoptik, Leibniz-Univ. HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Herr, W.Inst. f. Quantenoptik, Leibniz-Univ. HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Seidel, S.T.Inst. f. Quantenoptik, Leibniz-Univ. HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Ertmer, W.Inst. f. Quantenoptik, Leibniz-Univ. HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Rasel, E.Inst. f. Quantenoptik, Leibniz-Univ. HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Eckart, M.Inst. f. Quantenphysik, Univ. UlmUNSPECIFIED
Kajari, E. Inst. f. Quantenphysik, Univ. UlmUNSPECIFIED
Arnold, S.Inst. f. Quantenphysik, Univ. UlmUNSPECIFIED
Nandi, G.Inst. f. Quantenphysik, Univ. UlmUNSPECIFIED
Schleich, W.P.Inst. f. Quantenphysik, Univ. UlmUNSPECIFIED
Walser, R.Inst. f. angewandte Physik, TU DarmstadtUNSPECIFIED
Vogel, A. Inst. f. Laserphysik, Univ. HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Sengstock, K.Inst. f. Laserphysik, Univ. HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Bongs, K.Midland Ultracold Atom Research Center, Univ. Birmingham UKUNSPECIFIED
Lewoczko-Adamczyk, W. Inst. f. Physik, HU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Schiemangk, M.Inst. f. Physik, HU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Schuldt, T.Inst. f. Physik, HU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Peters, A.Inst. f. Physik, HU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Könemann, T.ZARM, Univ. BremenUNSPECIFIED
Müntinga, H.ZARM, Univ. BremenUNSPECIFIED
Lämmerzahl, C.ZARM, Univ. BremenUNSPECIFIED
Dittus, H.Inst. f. Raumfahrtsysteme, DLR, BremenUNSPECIFIED
Steinmetz, T.MPI f. Quantenoptik, GarchingUNSPECIFIED
Hänsch, T.W.MPI f. Quantenoptik, GarchingUNSPECIFIED
Reichel, J.MPI f. Quantenoptik, GarchingUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1540-1543
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Keywords:Bose-Einstein condensation, microgravity
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W - no assignment
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - no assignment (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems
Deposited By: Dittus, Prof.Dr. Hansjörg
Deposited On:17 Jan 2011 19:18
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:50

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