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Photosynthesis and its implications for space research

de Vera, Jean Pierre Paul and Leya, T. and Lorek, Andreas and de la Torre Noetzel, R. and Kozyrovska, N. and Burlak, O. and Foing, B. and Onofri, S. (2010) Photosynthesis and its implications for space research. In: Astrobiology Science Conference 2010. AbSciCon 2010, 26.-29. April 2010, League City Texas, USA.

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Abstract

Photosynthesis in evolution and oxygen as biosignature: Photosynthesis has been developed on Earth about 3.5 Billion years ago by cyanobacteria. These first photosynthesizing organisms have transformed our Planet by its oxygen production and triggered the follow on evolution of all other organisms. The presence of ozone in the upper terrestrial atmosphere is due to the fact that in the Early Earth cyanobacteria have produced the essential oxygen molecules. For this reason oxygen, especially ozone could also be used as biosignature for the search for life on extra-solar planets in the universe. Space/ Space simulation experiments: Current results are demonstrating the fact, that some photosynthesizing life forms are also able to resist space parameters as UV radiation and vacuum after space exposure. This has been shown by experiments on BIOPAN 6 on the satellite FOTON M3 and by space simulation tests [1]. New results obtained by the recent space experiment “LIFE” on EXPOSE-E/ISS lead to the same conclusions. Surprisingly for some organisms photosynthesis seems to work in a Martian environment with low water supply or in frozen environments up to – 30° C. Simulation tests producing a Martian atmosphere and low pressures down to 6-11 mbar in the Mars simulation chamber HUMILAB (DLR Berlin) have shown these observations [2]. It seems that for some terrestrial organisms in presence of liquid or even frozen water the Martian atmosphere, radiation, low temperature and low pressure will not be the limiting factors for relevant life processes to be conducted by the photosynthesizing microorganisms. These matters of facts are implicating the question if CO2-rich atmospheres on other extra-solar planets may probably just hide existing photosynthesizing organisms because of the incorrect evolutionary time window and misinterpretation of data (e.g. high CO2 concentration), we would get from new discovered planets. Implications for space research: On the other hand the research on photosynthesis in future space investigations is prerequisite for a successful development of life supporting systems in manned space flight missions. By photosynthesis plants are able to produce oxygen for breathable air and food. The use of plants in space is also an important psychological factor for astronautic crews because of refreshing and breaking up the appearance of the interior of future space stations in orbit or on other planets. Therefore photosynthesis might play a key role for technical use in future space exploration missions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/68090/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Photosynthesis and its implications for space research
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
de Vera, Jean Pierre Pauljean-pierre.devera (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Leya, T.CCCryo, Fraunhofer IBMT, Potsdam, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Lorek, AndreasAndreas.Lorek (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8960-6214
de la Torre Noetzel, R.INTA, Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Kozyrovska, N.Institute od Molecular Biology & Genetics, NASU, UkraineUNSPECIFIED
Burlak, O.Institute od Molecular Biology & Genetics, NASU, UkraineUNSPECIFIED
Foing, B.ESA/ESTEC/SCI-SR, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Onofri, S.Ordinario di Botanica Sistematica,Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Viterbo, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology Science Conference 2010
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Photosynthesis, space research, evolution
Event Title:AbSciCon 2010
Event Location:League City Texas, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:26.-29. April 2010
Organizer:Universities Space Research Association
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Planetenforschung (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research
Deposited By: de Vera, Dr. Jean Pierre Paul
Deposited On:10 Jan 2011 08:39
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:47

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