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Implementation of cartographic symbols for planetary mapping in geographic information systems

Nass, Andrea and van Gasselt, Stephan and Jaumann, Ralf and Asche, Hartmut (2011) Implementation of cartographic symbols for planetary mapping in geographic information systems. Planetary and Space Science, 59 (11-12), pp. 1255-1264. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2010.08.022.

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The steadily growing international interest in the exploration of planets in our Solar System and many advances in the development of space-sensor technology have led to the launch of a multitude of planetary missions to Mercury, Venus, the Earth's moon, Mars and various Outer-Solar System objects, such as the Jovian and Saturnian satellites. Camera instruments carried along on these missions image surfaces in different wavelength ranges and under different viewing angles, permitting additional data to be derived, such as spectral data or digital terrain models. Such data enable researchers to explore and investigate the development of planetary surfaces by analyzing and interpreting the inventory of surface units and structures. Results of such work are commonly abstracted and represented in thematic, mostly geological and geomorphological, maps. In order to facilitate efficient collaboration among different planetary research disciplines, mapping results need to be prepared, described, managed, archived, and visualized in a uniform way. These tasks have been increasingly carried out by means of computer-based geographic information systems (GIS or GI systems) which have come to be widely employed in the field of planetary research since the last two decades. In this paper we focus on the simplification of mapping processes, putting specific emphasis on a cartographically correct visualization of planetary mapping data using GIS-based environments. We present and discuss the implementation of a set of standardized cartographic symbols for planetary mapping based on the Digital Cartographic Standard for Geologic Map Symbolization as prepared by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) for the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC). Furthermore, we discuss various options to integrate this symbol catalog into generic GI systems, and more specifically into the Environmental Systems Research Institute's (ESRI) ArcGIS environment, and focus on requirements for symbol definitions in the field of planetary mapping. A symbology of this type can be embedded into any modular GIS environment capable in dealing with external stand-alone as well as database-driven management of symbol sets. Using such a uniform GIS-based symbol catalog will give the research community access to map results already cartographically elaborated, enabling them to create digital maps as a secondary data source in subsequent studies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/68014/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:Bisher nur online veröffentlicht; die gedruckte Version folgt!
Title:Implementation of cartographic symbols for planetary mapping in geographic information systems
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Nass, AndreaUniversität Potsdam, Institut für Geographie; andrea.nass (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
van Gasselt, StephanFreie Universität Berlin, Institut für Geologische WissenschaftenUNSPECIFIED
Jaumann, Ralfralf.jaumann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Asche, HartmutUniversität Potsdam, Institut für GeographieUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Planetary and Space Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.pss.2010.08.022
Page Range:pp. 1255-1264
Keywords:Cartography, Planetary Mapping, Symbology, GIS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt MARS-EXPRESS / HRSC (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Naß, Dr. Andrea
Deposited On:10 Jan 2011 10:21
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 20:40

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