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Calibration of Microscopic Car-Following Models on the Basis of the Intelligent Cruise Control Field Operation Test Data

Schober, Martin and Wagner, Peter and Kühne, Reinhart and Eskandarian, Azim and Wehlan, Herbert (2004) Calibration of Microscopic Car-Following Models on the Basis of the Intelligent Cruise Control Field Operation Test Data. In: Proceedings of Intelligent Transportation Systems Safety and Security Conference. ITS Safety anf Security Conference, 2004-03-24 - 2004-03-25, Miami (USA).

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Simulations with vehicular traffic are an important tool forecast the impacts of Intelligent Transportation Systems on traffic flow and safety in road networks. When choosing microscopic models the focus is on describing driver behavior in car following. These models can be regarded as key component of a comprehensive simulation. For an accurate reproduction of driver behavior these models have to be calibrated. This paper presents a calibration process of two microscopic car-following models: theintelligent driver model (IDM) [10,11] and the Krauss model (SK) [5]. Simulation results of both models already were compared with data obtained from measurements on German freeways and arterials. In our paper the models are calibrated on the basis of U.S. roadway data from the Intelligent Cruise Control Filed Operational Test (ICC FOT) [3,4]. The analysis of the calibration shows that both models generally perform well in reproducing the recorded driver behabior. However, in special driving situations the models have problems to match the data, due to model limitations. Therefore an extended microscopic traffic model (SKCONT), developed by the Institute of Transportation Research of the German Aerospace Center, also is taken into cosideration. This ODE based model explicitly describes continuous driver behavior. Thus, its time discrete version better copes with the short time step size of the ICC FOT data than the two first models. The amount of data and the huge number of participating drivers in the ICC FOT also permit to obtain several parameter sets for the models, curresponding to different driving scenarios or driver groups. These results are finally presented in a comprehensive parameter statistics and show the application fields for microscopic simulation of intelligent transportation systems such as automated cruise control and driver assistance.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/6759/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:auf CD
Title:Calibration of Microscopic Car-Following Models on the Basis of the Intelligent Cruise Control Field Operation Test Data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schober, MartinUni StuttgartUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, PeterUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kühne, ReinhartUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Eskandarian, AzimUni WashingtonUNSPECIFIED
Wehlan, HerbertUni StuttgartUNSPECIFIED
Date:2004
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of Intelligent Transportation Systems Safety and Security Conference
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:car following, models
Event Title:ITS Safety anf Security Conference
Event Location:Miami (USA)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2004-03-24 - 2004-03-25
Organizer:ITS + CISR, The George Washington University
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VR - Verkehrsforschung
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - no assignment
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Deposited By: Dumong, Andrea
Deposited On:16 Nov 2005
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 20:37

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