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Effects of anticipatory driving in a traffic flow model

Eissfeldt, Nils and Wagner, Peter (2003) Effects of anticipatory driving in a traffic flow model. European Physical Journal B - Condensed Matter, 33 (1), pp. 121-129. Springer Verlag. doi: 10.1140/epjb/e2003-00149-8.

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Anticipation in traffic means that drivers estimate their leaders´ velocities for future timesteps. In the article a specific stochastic carfollowing model with non-unique flow-density relation is investigated with respect to anticipatory driving. It is realized by next-nearest-neighbour interaction which leads to large flows and short temporal headways. The underlying mechnism that causes thes effects is explained by the headway following a long one, thereby producing a strong anti-correlation in the gaps or in the headways of subsequent cars. For the investigated model the corresponding time headway distributions display the short headways observed in reality. Even though thes effects are discussed for a specific model, the mechnism described is in general present in any traffic flow models that work with anticipation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/6650/
Document Type:Article
Title:Effects of anticipatory driving in a traffic flow model
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Eissfeldt, NilsZAIK – Universität zu KölnUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:European Physical Journal B - Condensed Matter
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 121-129
Publisher:Springer Verlag
Keywords:Stochastic processes, Granular models, complex systems, traffic flow, Structures, organization
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - no assignment
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Deposited By: DLR-Beauftragter, elib
Deposited On:16 Dec 2005
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 19:57

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