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Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium

Kminek, G. and Rummel, J.D. and Cockell, C.S. and Atlas, R. and Barlow, N. and Beaty, D. and Boynton, W. and Carr, M. and Clifford, S. and Conley, C.A. and Davila, A.F. and Debus, A. and Doran, P. and Hecht, M. and Heldmann, J. and Helbert, J. and Hipkin, V. and Horneck, Gerda and Kieft, T.L. and Klingelhöfer, G. and Meyer, Matthias and Newsom, H. and Ori, G.G. and Parnell, J. and Prieur, D. and Raulin, F. and Schulze-Makuch, D. and Spry, J.A. and Stabekis, P.E. and Stackebrandt, E. and Vago, J. and Viso, M. and Voytek, M. and Wells, L. and Westall, F. (2010) Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium. Advances in Space Research, 46 (6), pp. 811-829. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2010.04.039.

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In this paper we present the findings of a COSPAR Mars Special Regions Colloquium held in Rome in 2007. We review and discuss the definition of Mars Special Regions, the physical parameters used to define Mars Special Regions, and physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as Mars Special Regions. We conclude that any region experiencing temperatures > ‑25 °C for a few hours a year and a water activity > 0.5 can potentially allow the replication of terrestrial microorganisms. Physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as meeting these conditions constitute a Mars Special Region. Based on current knowledge of the martian environment and the conservative nature of planetary protection, the following features constitute Mars Special regions: Gullies and bright streaks associated with them, pasted-on terrain, deep subsurface, dark streaks only on a case-by-case basis, others to be determined. The parameter definition and the associated list of physical features should be re-evaluated on a regular basis.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/65567/
Document Type:Article
Title:Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Kminek, G.European Space Agency, D/HME, ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2200 AG Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Rummel, J.D.East Carolina University, East Fifth Street, Greenville, NC 27858-4353, USAUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, C.S.Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UKUNSPECIFIED
Atlas, R.University of Louisville, Louiseville, KY 40292, USAUNSPECIFIED
Barlow, N.Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011-6010, USAUNSPECIFIED
Beaty, D.NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA 91109-8001, USAUNSPECIFIED
Boynton, W.Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USAUNSPECIFIED
Carr, M.United States Geological Survey Pacific Science Center, 400 Natural, Bridges Drive, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USAUNSPECIFIED
Clifford, S.Lunar and Planetary Institute, 3600 Bay Area Blvd, Houston, TX 77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
Conley, C.A.NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546-0001, USAUNSPECIFIED
Davila, A.F.NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, CA 94043, USAUNSPECIFIED
Doran, P.University of Illinois in Chicago, 845 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USAUNSPECIFIED
Hecht, M.NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA 91109-8001, USAUNSPECIFIED
Heldmann, J.NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, CA 94043, USAUNSPECIFIED
Hipkin, V.Canadian Space Agency, 6767 Route de l’Aéroport, Saint-Hubert, Quebec, Canada J3Y 8Y9UNSPECIFIED
Kieft, T.L.New Mexico Tech, 801 Leroy Pl., Socorro, NM 87801, USAUNSPECIFIED
Klingelhöfer, G.Universität MainzUNSPECIFIED
Newsom, H.University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USAUNSPECIFIED
Ori, G.G.International Research School of Planetary Science, Università d'Annunzio, Pescara, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Parnell, J.Dept. of Geology and Petroleum Geology, Aberdeen, UKUNSPECIFIED
Prieur, D.University of Brest, Brest, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Raulin, F.CNRS and Universités Paris, 61UNSPECIFIED
Schulze-Makuch, D.Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6376, USAUNSPECIFIED
Spry, J.A.NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA 91109-8001, USAUNSPECIFIED
Stabekis, P.E.NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546-0001, USAUNSPECIFIED
Stackebrandt, E.DSMZ, Inhoffenstrasse 7B, 38124UNSPECIFIED
Vago, J.ESA-ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Viso, M.CNES, Agence Francaise de l’Espace, 18, Avenue Edouard Belin 31 401 Toulouse Cedex 9, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Voytek, M.NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546-0001, USAUNSPECIFIED
Wells, L.University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19014, USAUNSPECIFIED
Westall, F.Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2010
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 811-829
Keywords:COSPAR mars special regions colloquium
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt ExoMars (old)
Location: Köln-Porz , Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Terahertz and Infrared Sensors
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Stiebeler, Ulrike
Deposited On:02 Nov 2010 11:32
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:27

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