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Real-Time Image Processing For Road Traffic Data Extraction From Aerial Images

Rosenbaum, Dominik and Leitloff, Jens and Kurz, Franz and Meynberg, Oliver and Reize, Tanja (2010) Real-Time Image Processing For Road Traffic Data Extraction From Aerial Images. In: Proceedings of ISPRS Technical Commission VII Symposium: 100years ISPRS, 5-7 July 2010, Vienna, XXXVII (7B), pp. 469-474. Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vienna University of Technology. ISPRS Technical Commission VII Symposium 2010, 5.-7. Jul. 2010, Wien, Österreich. ISSN 1682-1777

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Abstract

A world with growing individual traffic requires sufficient solutions for traffic monitoring and guidance. The actual ground based approaches for traffic data collection may be barely sufficient for everyday life, but they will fail in case of disasters and mass events. Therefore, a road traffic monitoring solution based on an airborne wide area camera system has been currently developed by DLR. Here, we present a new image processing chain for real-time traffic data extraction from high resolution aerial image sequences with automatic methods. This processing chain is applied in a computer network as part of an operational sensor system for traffic monitoring onboard a DLR aircraft. It is capable of processing aerial images obtained with a frame rate of up to 3 Hz. The footprint area of the three viewing directions of an image exposure with three cameras is 4 x 1 km at a resolution of 20 cm (recorded at a flight height of 1500 m). The processing chain consists of a module for data readout from the cameras and for the synchronization of the images with the GPS/IMU navigation data (used for direct georeferencing) and a module for orthorectification of the images. Traffic data is extracted by a further module based on a priori knowledge from a road database of the approximate location of road axes in the georeferenced and orthorectified images. Vehicle detection is performed by a combination of Adaboost using Haar-like features for pixel wise classification and subsequent clustering by Support Vector Machine based on a set of statistical features of the classified pixel. In order to obtain velocities, vehicle tracking is applied to consecutive images after performing vehicle detection on the first image of the burst. This is done by template matching along a search space aligned to road axes based on normalized cross correlation in RGB color space. With this processing chain we are able to obtain accurate traffic data with completeness and correctness both higher than 80% at high actuality for varying and complex image scenes. The proposed processing chain is evaluated on a huge number of images including inner city scenes of Cologne and Munich, demonstrating the robustness of our work in operational use.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/64664/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Real-Time Image Processing For Road Traffic Data Extraction From Aerial Images
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rosenbaum, Dominikdominik.rosenbaum (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Leitloff, Jensjens.leitloff (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kurz, Franzfranz.kurz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Meynberg, Oliveroliver.meynberg (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Reize, Tanjatanja.reize (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:5 July 2010
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of ISPRS Technical Commission VII Symposium: 100years ISPRS, 5-7 July 2010, Vienna
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:XXXVII
Page Range:pp. 469-474
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Wagner, WolfgangTU Wien
Szekely, BalazsTU Wien
Publisher:Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vienna University of Technology
Series Name:The international archives of the photogrammetry, remote sensing and spatial information sciences
ISSN:1682-1777
Status:Published
Keywords:Monitoring, Recognition, Orthorectification, Georeferencing, Image, Pattern, Sequences, Tracking
Event Title:ISPRS Technical Commission VII Symposium 2010
Event Location:Wien, Österreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:5.-7. Jul. 2010
Organizer:ISPRS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - VABENE (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Photogrammetry and Image Analysis
Deposited By: Rosenbaum, Dr.rer.nat. Dominik
Deposited On:04 Oct 2010 10:22
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:59

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