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On the suitability of MODIS Time Series Metrics to Map Vegetation Types in Dry Savanna Ecosystems: A Case Study in the Kalahari of NE Namibia

Hüttich, Christian and Gessner, Ursula and Herold, Martin and Strohbach, Ben and Keil, Manfred and Dech, Stefan (2009) On the suitability of MODIS Time Series Metrics to Map Vegetation Types in Dry Savanna Ecosystems: A Case Study in the Kalahari of NE Namibia. Remote Sensing, 1 (4), pp. 620-643. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/rs1040620 ISSN 2072-4292

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Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/1/4/620/

Abstract

The characterization and evaluation of the recent status of biodiversity in Southern Africa’s Savannas is a major prerequisite for suitable and sustainable land management and conservation purposes. This paper presents an integrated concept for vegetation type mapping in a dry savanna ecosystem based on local scale in-situ botanical survey data with high resolution (Landsat) and coarse resolution (MODIS) satellite time series. In this context, a semi-automated training database generation procedure using object-oriented image segmentation techniques is introduced. A tree-based Random Forest classifier was used for mapping vegetation type associations in the Kalahari of NE Namibia based on inter-annual intensity- and phenology-related time series metrics. The utilization of long-term inter-annual temporal metrics delivered the best classification accuracies (Kappa = 0.93) compared with classifications based on seasonal feature sets. The relationship between annual classification accuracies and bi-annual precipitation sums was conducted using data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). Increased error rates occurred in years with high rainfall rates compared to dry rainy seasons. The variable importance was analyzed and showed high-rank positions for features of the Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) and the blue and middle infrared bands, indicating that soil reflectance was crucial information for an accurate spectral discrimination of Kalahari vegetation types. Time series features related to reflectance intensity obtained increased rank-positions compared to phenology-related metrics.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/64235/
Document Type:Article
Title:On the suitability of MODIS Time Series Metrics to Map Vegetation Types in Dry Savanna Ecosystems: A Case Study in the Kalahari of NE Namibia
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hüttich, Christianchristian.huettich (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Gessner, UrsulaUniversity of WuerzburgUNSPECIFIED
Herold, MartinUniversity of JenaUNSPECIFIED
Strohbach, BenNBRIUNSPECIFIED
Keil, Manfredmanfred.keil (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dech, Stefanstefan.dech (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:30 September 2009
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:1
DOI :10.3390/rs1040620
Page Range:pp. 620-643
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2072-4292
Status:Published
Keywords:land cover; plant communities; remote sensing; Kalahari; Random Forest classification; CART; MODIS; Landsat; TRMM; EVI; time series; Batthacharrya distance
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren (old)
Location: other
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Deposited By: Schmidt, Martin
Deposited On:14 Jun 2010 11:01
Last Modified:14 Dec 2019 04:25

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