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Modelling the Species Distribution of Flat-Headed Cats (Prionailurus planiceps), an Endangered South-East Asian Small Felid

Wilting, Andreas und Cord, Anna und Hearn, Andrew J. und Hesse, Deike und Mohamed, Azlan und Traeholdt, Carl und Cheyne, Susan M. und Sunarto, Sunarto und Jayasilan, Mohd-Azlan und Ross, Joanna und Shapiro, Aurelie C. und Sebastian, Anthony und Dech, Stefan und Breitenmoser, Christine und Sanderson, Jim und Duckworth, J. W. und Hofer, Heribert (2010) Modelling the Species Distribution of Flat-Headed Cats (Prionailurus planiceps), an Endangered South-East Asian Small Felid. PLoS One, 5 (3), Seiten 1-18. Public Library of Science (PLoS). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009612 ISSN 1932-6203

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Offizielle URL: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0009612


Background: The flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps) is one of the world’s least known, highly threatened felids with a distribution restricted to tropical lowland rainforests in Peninsular Thailand/Malaysia, Borneo and Sumatra. Throughout its geographic range large-scale anthropogenic transformation processes, including the pollution of fresh-water river systems and landscape fragmentation, raise concerns regarding its conservation status. Despite an increasing number of cameratrapping field surveys for carnivores in South-East Asia during the past two decades, few of these studies recorded the flatheaded cat. Methodology/Principal Findings: In this study, we designed a predictive species distribution model using the Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) algorithm to reassess the potential current distribution and conservation status of the flat-headed cat. Eighty-eight independent species occurrence records were gathered from field surveys, literature records, and museum collections. These current and historical records were analysed in relation to bioclimatic variables (WorldClim), altitude (SRTM) and minimum distance to larger water resources (Digital Chart of the World). Distance to water was identified as the key predictor for the occurrence of flat-headed cats (.50% explanation). In addition, we used different land cover maps (GLC2000, GlobCover and SarVision LLC for Borneo), information on protected areas and regional human population density data to extract suitable habitats from the potential distribution predicted by the MaxEnt model. Between 54% and 68% of suitable habitat has already been converted to unsuitable land cover types (e.g. croplands, plantations), and only between 10% and 20% of suitable land cover is categorised as fully protected according to the IUCN criteria. The remaining habitats are highly fragmented and only a few larger forest patches remain. Conclusion/Significance: Based on our findings, we recommend that future conservation efforts for the flat-headed cat should focus on the identified remaining key localities and be implemented through a continuous dialogue between local stakeholders, conservationists and scientists to ensure its long-term survival. The flat-headed cat can serve as a flagship species for the protection of several other endangered species associated with the threatened tropical lowland forests and surface fresh-water sources in this region.

Titel:Modelling the Species Distribution of Flat-Headed Cats (Prionailurus planiceps), an Endangered South-East Asian Small Felid
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Wilting, AndreasLeibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Cord, AnnaGerman Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), German Aerospace Center (DLR), Wessling, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Hearn, Andrew J.Global Canopy Programme, Oxford, United KingdomNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Hesse, DeikeGerman Institute of Human Nutrition, Department of Experimental Diabetes, Potsdam- Rehbrücke, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Mohamed, AzlanInstitute for Tropical Biology and Conservation, University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, MalaysiaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Traeholdt, CarlCopenhagen Zoo, Department of Research and Conservation, Frederiksberg, DenmarkNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Cheyne, Susan M.Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United KingdomNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Sunarto, SunartoDepartment of Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of AmericaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Jayasilan, Mohd-AzlanDepartment of Zoology, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, MalaysiaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Ross, JoannaGlobal Canopy Programme, Oxford, United KingdomNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Shapiro, Aurelie C.Conservation Science Program, WWF-US, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of AmericaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Sebastian, AnthonyAonyx Environmental, Kuching, Sarawak, MalaysiaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Dech, StefanGerman Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), German Aerospace Center (DLR), Wessling, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Breitenmoser, ChristineIUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group, c/o KORA, Muri b. Bern, SwitzerlandNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Sanderson, JimSmall Wild Cat Conservation Foundation, Wildlife Conservation Network, Los Altos, California, United States of AmericaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Duckworth, J. W.Wildlife Conservation Society Asia Program, New York, New York, United States of AmericaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Hofer, HeribertLeibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:März 2010
Erschienen in:PLoS One
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
DOI :10.1371/journal.pone.0009612
Seitenbereich:Seiten 1-18
Verlag:Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Stichwörter:Species distibution modeling, Maximum Entropy, Conservation, Land cover change
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Deutsches Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum
Hinterlegt von: Cord, Anna
Hinterlegt am:14 Jun 2010 11:28
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 20:57

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