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Mechanical imitation of bidirectional bioadvection in aquatic sediments

Matsui, Georg and Volkenborn, Nils and Polerecky, Lubos and Henne, Ulrich and Weathy, David and Iovell, Charles and Woodin, Sarah (2011) Mechanical imitation of bidirectional bioadvection in aquatic sediments. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 9 (3), pp. 84-96. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. DOI: 10:4319/lom.2011.9.84 ISSN 1541-5856

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Measuring the effects of bioirrigating infauna on sediment properties and geochemistry is often problematic due to the unpredictable nature of the animal activity. This can be overcome by the use of mechanical systems that allow mimicking of bioirrigation in a controlled and reproducible manner. A realistic mimic must allow both qualitative and quantitative imitation of the complex infaunal activities, i.e., be able to generate both positive and negative porewater pressure waveforms in a realistic range of amplitudes and frequencies using biologically realistic water volumes. We developed a mechanical irrigation system (Robolug) that meets these criteria and applied it to mimic a set of specific hydraulic behaviours of the common lugworm Arenicola marina. The resultant porewater pressure waveforms had realistic shapes and amplitudes and were realized by pumping biologically realistic volumes of water. The bidirectional bioadvection induced oxygen dynamics at depth and at the sediment water interface comparable to those observed with live lugworms. Additionally, we were able to reproduce the formation of sedimentary cracks, a phenomenon also observed with real lugworms. The Robolug irrigation system is a promising tool for a wide range of biogeochemical and ecological studies, as it allows the exploration of bio hydraulically induced transient geochemical conditions in a controllable and reproducible manner; avoids the uncertainties of animal performance; and permits manipulative experimental conditions that could potentially be harmful for organisms or alter their behaviors.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/63077/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:Manuscript ID: LOM-10-02-0016
Title:Mechanical imitation of bidirectional bioadvection in aquatic sediments
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Matsui, GeorgUniversity South Carolina, USAUNSPECIFIED
Volkenborn, NilsUniversity South Carolina, USAUNSPECIFIED
Polerecky, LubosMax Planck Institute for MarineUNSPECIFIED
Henne, Ulrichulrich.henne (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Weathy, DavidUniversity South Carolina, USAUNSPECIFIED
Iovell, CharlesUniversity South Carolina, USAUNSPECIFIED
Woodin, SarahUniversity South Carolina, USAUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Limnology and Oceanography: Methods
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10:4319/lom.2011.9.84
Page Range:pp. 84-96
Publisher:American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Keywords:Bioadvection, Bioirrigation, Burrow Mimic, Infaunal Hydraulic Activity
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Experimental Methods
Deposited By: Micknaus, Ilka
Deposited On:30 May 2011 08:41
Last Modified:26 Mar 2015 11:11

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