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Flood Detection in Urban Areas Using TerraSAR-X

Mason, David C. and Speck, Rainer and Devereux, Bernard and Schumann, Guy J.-P. and Neal, Jeffrey C. and Bates, Paul D. (2010) Flood Detection in Urban Areas Using TerraSAR-X. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 48 (2), pp. 882-894. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2009.2029236 ISSN 0196-2892

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Official URL: http://www.ieee.org

Abstract

Flooding is a major hazard in both rural and urban areas worldwide, but it is in urban areas that the impacts are most severe. An investigation of the ability of high-resolution TerraSAR-X synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data to detect flooded regions in urban areas is described. The study uses a TerraSAR-X image of a one-in-150-year flood near Tewkesbury, U.K., in 2007, for which contemporaneous aerial photography exists for validation. The German Aerospace Center (DLR) SAR end-to-end simulator (SETES) was used in conjunction with airborne scanning laser altimetry (LiDAR) data to estimate regions of the image in which water would not be visible due to shadow or layover caused by buildings and taller vegetation. A semiautomatic algorithm for the detection of floodwater in urban areas is described, together with its validation using aerial photographs. Of the urban water pixels that are visible to TerraSAR-X, 76% were correctly detected, with an associated false positive rate of 25%. If all the urban water pixels were considered, including those in shadow and layover regions, these figures fell to 58% and 19%, respectively. The algorithm is aimed at producing urban flood extents with which to calibrate and validate urban flood inundation models, and these findings indicate that TerraSAR-X is capable of providing useful data for this purpose.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/61924/
Document Type:Article
Title:Flood Detection in Urban Areas Using TerraSAR-X
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Mason, David C.University of Reading, U.K., dcm (at) mail.nerc-essc.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Speck, Rainerrainer.speck (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Devereux, BernardUniversity of Cambridge, U.K.UNSPECIFIED
Schumann, Guy J.-P.University of Bristol, U.K.UNSPECIFIED
Neal, Jeffrey C.University of Bristol, U.K.UNSPECIFIED
Bates, Paul D.University of Bristol, U.K.UNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2010
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:48
DOI :10.1109/TGRS.2009.2029236
Page Range:pp. 882-894
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN:0196-2892
Status:Published
Keywords:Algorithms, hydrology, image processing, simulation, SETES
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Sicherheitsrelevante Erdbeobachtung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Reconnaissance and Security
Deposited By: Speck, Dr.-Ing. Rainer
Deposited On:18 Dec 2009 08:16
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:33

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