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Flugverkehr und Klimaschutz

Fischer, Andreas Marc and Sausen, Robert and Brunner, Dominik and Staehelin, Johannes and Schumann, Ulrich (2009) Flugverkehr und Klimaschutz. GAIA, 18, pp. 32-40.

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Official URL: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/oekom/gaia

Abstract

International air traffic is not yet embedded in international frameworks to reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, apart from the EU emission trading system. This paper reviews the state of knowledge on the climate effects due to aviation. Recent findings reveal a much smaller radiative forcing of line-shaped contrails than previously estimated. The greatest uncertainties regarding aviation’s climate effects revolve around changes in cirrus cloud properties. The paper addresses issues on how to include aviation in international frameworks on climate protection. Today’s proposed methods to cover non-CO2 effects from air traffic (Radiative Forcing Index and Emission Weighting Factor) are shown to include significant shortcomings that prohibit their application in policy relevant measures. More elaborate techniques are under development. Then, different approaches are presented to exemplify how emissions from international aviation can be allo cated to national territories. For Switzerland an estimate based on the residence approach is explained in more detail. Finally, the paper elucidates the measures taken by the European Union to include the aviation sector into its emission trading scheme.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/58213/
Document Type:Article
Title:Flugverkehr und Klimaschutz
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fischer, Andreas MarcETH Zürich, Zürich, CHUNSPECIFIED
Sausen, RobertUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brunner, DominikEidgenössische Materialprüfungs- und Forschungsanstalt, Dübendorf, CHUNSPECIFIED
Staehelin, JohannesETH Zürich, Zürich, CHUNSPECIFIED
Schumann, UlrichUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2009
Journal or Publication Title:GAIA
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:18
Page Range:pp. 32-40
Status:Published
Keywords:Flugverkehr, Klima, Emissionshandel, Strahlungsantrieb, air traffic growth, aircraft emissions, aviation, climate impact, emission trading scheme, Emission Weighting Factor, Radiative Forcing Index
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Low-Emission Air Traffic (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Deposited By: Sausen, Prof.Dr. Robert
Deposited On:12 Mar 2009
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:36

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