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Desert dust aerosol air mass mapping in the western Sahara, using particle properties derived from space-based multi-angle imaging

Kahn, Ralph and Petzold, Andreas and Wendisch, Manfred and Bierwirth, Eike and Dinter, Tilman and Esselborn, Michael and Fiebig, Marcus and Heese, Birgit and Knippertz, Peter and Müller, Detlef and Schladitz, Alexander and von Hoyningen-Huene, Wolfgang (2009) Desert dust aerosol air mass mapping in the western Sahara, using particle properties derived from space-based multi-angle imaging. Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 61B, pp. 239-251. Taylor & Francis. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00398.x

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118533053/home

Abstract

Coincident observations made over the Moroccan desert during the Sahara mineral dust experiment (SAMUM) 2006 field campaign are used both to validate aerosol amount and type retrieved from multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer (MISR) observations, and to place the suborbital aerosol measurements into the satellite�s larger regional context. On three moderately dusty days during which coincident observations were made, MISR mid-visible aerosol optical thickness (AOT) agrees with field measurements point-by-point to within 0.05�0.1. This is about as well as can be expected given spatial sampling differences; the space-based observations capture AOT trends and variability over an extended region. The field data also validate MISR�s ability to distinguish and to map aerosol air masses, from the combination of retrieved constraints on particle size, shape and single-scattering albedo. For the three study days, the satellite observations (1) highlight regional gradients in the mix of dust and background spherical particles, (2) identify a dust plume most likely part of a density flow and (3) show an aerosol air mass containing a higher proportion of small, spherical particles than the surroundings, that appears to be aerosol pollution transported from several thousand kilometres away.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/58054/
Document Type:Article
Title:Desert dust aerosol air mass mapping in the western Sahara, using particle properties derived from space-based multi-angle imaging
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Kahn, RalphNASA, Greenbelt, MD, USAUNSPECIFIED
Petzold, AndreasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wendisch, ManfredJohannes Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Bierwirth, EikeJohannes Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Dinter, TilmanUniv. of Bremen, BremenUNSPECIFIED
Esselborn, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fiebig, MarcusNILU, Kjeller, NUNSPECIFIED
Heese, BirgitInstitut für Troposphärenforschung, LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
Knippertz, PeterJohannes Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Müller, DetlefInstitut für Troposphärenforschung, LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
Schladitz, AlexanderInstitut für Troposphärenforschung, LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
von Hoyningen-Huene, WolfgangJohannes Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Date:2009
Journal or Publication Title:Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:61B
DOI :10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00398.x
Page Range:pp. 239-251
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Status:Published
Keywords:SAMUM; MIRS; aerosol
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W - no assignment
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - no assignment (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Freund, Jana
Deposited On:12 Feb 2009
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:52

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