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Planetary protection and humans on Mars: NASA/ESA workshop results

Race, Margaret S. and Kminek, Gerhard and Rummel, John D. and Participants of the NASA/ESA planetary protection Workshop, (2008) Planetary protection and humans on Mars: NASA/ESA workshop results. Advances in Space Research, 42 (6), pp. 1128-1138. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2008.03.003.

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Planetary protection requirements for future human missions to Mars will strongly influence mission and spacecraft designs, particularly those related to the operation of advanced life support systems (ALS), extravehicular activity (EVA), laboratory and in situ sampling operations, and associated environmental monitoring and control systems. In order to initiate communication, understanding and working relations among the ALS, EVA, and planetary protection communities in NASA and ESA, a workshop was held (May 2005; ESA/ESTEC; Nordwijk, The Netherlands) to focus on mission-specific planetary protection issues associated with future human missions to Mars. The ‘‘Mars Planetary Protection and Human Systems Research and Technology Joint NASA/ESA Workshop” considered the range of knowledge and information necessary to establish planetary protection requirements with respect to ALS and EVA systems, including the identification of potential contaminants, contamination pathways, and potential off-nominal events typical of such systems and of space exploration. The top-level workshop goal was to determine how compliance with planetary protection requirements should be implemented before, during, and after human Mars missions, and what standards of contamination control should apply to human explorers. Workshop discussions considered operations and technology concerns, science operations, backward contamination prevention requirements, and the protection of both the human habitat on Mars and the Earth upon crew return. A list of future research and development needs were also identified for ALS, EVA and Mars robotic missions, including specific precursor mission information necessary to understand and prepare for human support systems and science operations on long duration Mars missions. This paper summarizes the findings and recommendations of the workshop including an overall approach to contamination control, waste and consumable management, and off-nominal events, as well as the research and development necessary to cope with planetary protection requirements during future human missions to Mars.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/57548/
Document Type:Article
Title:Planetary protection and humans on Mars: NASA/ESA workshop results
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Race, Margaret S.SETI Institute, 515 N.Whisman Rd., Mountain View, CA 94043, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kminek, GerhardEuropean Space Agency, Human Spaceflight, Microgravity and Exploration Directorate, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rummel, John D.Science Mission Directorate, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Participants of the NASA/ESA planetary protection Workshop, UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1128-1138
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Keywords:Planetary protection, Human missions, Mars
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:16 Jan 2009
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:45

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