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Enceladus' South Polar Terrain Geology: New Details from Cassini ISS High Resolution Imaging

Helfenstein, Paul and Denk, Tilmann and Giese, Bernd and Ingersoll, Andy and Johnson, Torrence and McEwen, Alfred and Neukum, Gerhard and Perry, Jason and Porco, Carolyn and Roatsch, Thomas and Thomas, Peter and Turtle, Elizabeth and Verbiscer, Anne and Veverka, Joe (2008) Enceladus' South Polar Terrain Geology: New Details from Cassini ISS High Resolution Imaging. AGU Fall Meeting 2008, 2008-12-15 - 2008-12-19, San Francisco, CA (USA). (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The Cassini spacecraft executed a close flyby of Enceladus on August 11 (altitude: 50km); two more are planned for October 9 (altitude: 25 km), and October 31 (altitude: 196 km). High resolution (as fine as 7m/pixel) images of known geologically active features in the South Polar Terrain (SPT) have been returned to investigate how plume eruptions, tectonism, and seismicity alter the surface and to reveal how the SPT has evolved over time. We examined six known eruption sites (Spitale and Porco 2007, Nature 449, 695697) along Cairo, Baghdad, and Damascus Sulci, as well as inactive portions of the "tiger stripes" and bright fractured terrain in adjacent areas. We also obtained contiguous ISS broadband multispectral mosaics of the entire SPT region to refine our geological and digital terrain maps and to search for volcanically and tectonically driven temporal changes. The highestresolution images show ice blocks up to tens of meters in size that are widely but nonuniformly distributed over a variety of terrain units. The upraised flanks and valley walls of active tiger stripes are mantled in places by smooth fluffylooking deposits, most likely accumulations of coarsegrained plume fallout. With increasing lateral distance from the stripes, the smooth upraised flank deposits grade into rounded, platytextured, elongate hills and a conspicuous system of quasiparallel knobby ridges and grooves that have spacings and dimensions comparable to the tiger stripe flanks themselves. Peculiar narrow lenticular ridges, perhaps emplaced by extrusion or as icy pyroclastic deposits, rise from tens to hundreds of meters along the medial fissures of some tiger stripes. On regional scales, the ends of the tiger stripes are bounded by a complex network of fractured terrain, within which can be found numerous transform faults that lie at high angles relative to the trends of the tiger stripes. Observed offsets along these transforms and an absence of lateral symmetry of the displaced terrains suggest that tiger stripes are not exact analogs to classic terrestrial oceanic rifts. Instead, any possible tectonic divergence is more likely a result of the superposition of many regionally and temporally distributed spreading centers.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/56722/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Enceladus' South Polar Terrain Geology: New Details from Cassini ISS High Resolution Imaging
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Helfenstein, PaulCornell UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Denk, TilmannFU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Giese, BerndUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ingersoll, AndyCalTechUNSPECIFIED
Johnson, TorrenceJPLUNSPECIFIED
McEwen, AlfredUniversity of ArizonaUNSPECIFIED
Neukum, GerhardFU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Perry, JasonUniversity of ArizonaUNSPECIFIED
Porco, CarolynSpace Science Institute BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Roatsch, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thomas, PeterCornell UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Turtle, ElizabethAPLUNSPECIFIED
Verbiscer, AnneSpace Science Institute BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Veverka, JoeCornell UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Date:December 2008
Open Access:No
In DOAJ:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Unpublished
Keywords:Cassini, Saturnian Satellites, Enceladus
Event Title:AGU Fall Meeting 2008
Event Location:San Francisco, CA (USA)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2008-12-15 - 2008-12-19
Organizer:AGU
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben CASSINI (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Roatsch, Dr.rer.nat. Thomas
Deposited On:15 Dec 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:35

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