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Laminar flow control by suction at Mach 2

Hein, Stefan und Schülein, Erich und Hanifi, Ardeshir und Sousa, Joao und Arnal, Daniel (2009) Laminar flow control by suction at Mach 2. CEAS/KATnet II Conference on Key Aerodynamic Technologies, 2009-05-12 - 2009-05-14, Hilton Hotel Bremen, Germany.

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For subsonic and transonic flight Mach numbers the feasibility and potential benefits of laminar flow control by suction have been demonstrated in several wind tunnel and flight experiments already. For supersonic boundary layers, however, such know-how is not available yet. Therefore, in the EU project SUPERTRAC (SUPERsonic TRAnsition Control) experimental and numerical studies on laminar flow control by suction for an infinite swept-wing configuration at Mach 2 were performed. The Ludwieg Tube Facility (RWG) at DLR Göttingen with a test chamber cross-section of 0.34m × 0.35m was used for these experiments. Based on comprehensive preparatory numerical studies a biconvex profile of 30 cm chord length with sharp leading edge and a relative thickness of 13 percent was chosen. The measurements were performed for sweep angles of 20 and 30 degrees. Suction was applied between 5 and 20 percent chord through a single suction chamber covered by porous sinter material. Suction panels manufactured from sinter material to our knowledge have never been used successfully before. They were selected here because our studies suggested that delay of transition would have been hardly feasible at the conditions of this RWG experiment using a standard suction panel with micro-drilled holes. The experiment showed that significant delay of transition by suction could be achieved for the geometry and flow conditions considered here. However, the efficiency of suction for delay of transition seems to decrease above a certain level of suction velocity. Subsequent analysis of the experimental results provided transition N-factor values with relative small variations independent of level of suction rate, sweep angle and unit Reynolds number. Similar values were also found for the reference configuration without suction panel. Hence, the additional disturbances introduced by the increased relative height of geometrical surface roughness of the suction panel and by the non-uniform suction distribution seemed to be negligible in the current experiments. This may suggest that, in the current experiments, the transition process is dominated by the non-stationary crossflow disturbances which are not sensitive to surface inhomogeneities.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag, Paper)
Titel:Laminar flow control by suction at Mach 2
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Hanifi, ArdeshirFOI, StockholmNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:Mai 2009
Referierte Publikation:Nein
In Open Access:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Stichwörter:laminar-turbulent transition, supersonic swept wing, flow control, suction, SUPERTRAC, sintered suction panel
Veranstaltungstitel:CEAS/KATnet II Conference on Key Aerodynamic Technologies
Veranstaltungsort:Hilton Hotel Bremen, Germany
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:2009-05-12 - 2009-05-14
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Starrflügler (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L AR - Starrflüglerforschung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Flugphysik (alt)
Standort: Göttingen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Aerodynamik und Strömungstechnik > Hubschrauber
Institut für Aerodynamik und Strömungstechnik > Hochgeschwindigkeitskonfigurationen
Hinterlegt von: Hein, Dr.-Ing. Stefan
Hinterlegt am:01 Dez 2008
Letzte Änderung:13 Nov 2009 09:01

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