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The terrain-induced rotor experiment: A field campaign overview including observational highlights

Grubišić, Vanda and Doyle, James D. and Kuettner, Joachim and Mobbs, Stephen and Smith, Ronald B. and Whiteman, C. David and Dirks, Richard and Czyzyk, Stanley and Cohn, Stephen A. and Vosper, Simon and Weissmann, Martin and Haimov, Samuel and De Wekker, Stephan F.J. and Pan, Laura L. and Chow, Fotini Katopodes (2008) The terrain-induced rotor experiment: A field campaign overview including observational highlights. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, pp. 1-21. American Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1175/2008BAMS2487.1

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Official URL: http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-toc&issn=1520-0477&volume=88&issue=2&ct=1

Abstract

The Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment (T-REX) is a coordinated international project, comprised of an observational field campaign and a research program, focused on the investigation of atmospheric rotors and closely related phenomena in complex terrain. The T-REX field campaign took place during March and April 2006 in the lee of the southern Sierra Nevada in eastern California. Atmospheric rotors have been traditionally defined as quasi-two-dimensional atmospheric vortices that form parallel to and downwind of a mountain ridge under conditions conducive to the generation of large-amplitude mountain waves. Intermittency, high-levels of turbulence, and complex small-scale internal structure characterize rotors, which are known hazards to general aviation. The objective of the T-REX field campaign was to provide an unprecedented comprehensive set of in situ and remotely-sensed meteorological observations from the ground to upper troposphere-lower stratosphere (UTLS) altitudes for the documentation of the spatio-temporal characteristics and internal structure of a tightly coupled system consisting of an atmospheric rotor, terrain-induced internal gravity waves, and a complex-terrain boundary layer. In addition, T-REX had several ancillary objectives including the studies of UTLS chemical distribution in the presence of mountain waves and complex-terrain boundary layer in the absence of waves and rotors. This overview provides a background of the project including the information on its science objectives, experimental design and observational systems, along with highlights of key observations obtained during the field campaign.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/55790/
Document Type:Article
Title:The terrain-induced rotor experiment: A field campaign overview including observational highlights
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grubišić, VandaDesert Research Inst., Reno, NV, USAUNSPECIFIED
Doyle, James D.Naval Research Lab., Monterey, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Kuettner, JoachimNCAR, Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Mobbs, StephenUniv. of Leeds, Leeds, UKUNSPECIFIED
Smith, Ronald B.Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USAUNSPECIFIED
Whiteman, C. DavidUniv. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USAUNSPECIFIED
Dirks, RichardNCAR, Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Czyzyk, StanleyNational Weather Serv., Las Vegas, NV, USAUNSPECIFIED
Cohn, Stephen A.NCAR, Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Vosper, SimonMet Office, Exeter, UKUNSPECIFIED
Weissmann, MartinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Haimov, SamuelUniv. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USAUNSPECIFIED
De Wekker, Stephan F.J.Univ. of Virginia, VA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Pan, Laura L.NCAR, Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Chow, Fotini KatopodesUniv. of California, Berkeley, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Date:2008
Journal or Publication Title:Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1175/2008BAMS2487.1
Page Range:pp. 1-21
Publisher:American Meteorological Society
Status:Published
Keywords:T-REX, boundary-layer system
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Traffic and Weather (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Freund, Jana
Deposited On:24 Oct 2008
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:23

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