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The Urey Instrument: An Advanced In Situ Organic and Oxidant Detector for Mars Exploration

Aubrey, Andrew D. and Chalmers, John H. and Bada, Jeffrey L. and Grunthaner, Frank J. and Amashukeli, Xenia and Willis, Peter and Skelley, Alison M. and Mathies, Richard A. and Quinn, Richard C. and Zent, Aaron P. and Ehrenfreund, Pascale and Amundson, Ron and Glavin, Daniel P. and Botta, Oliver and Barron, Laurence and Blaney, Diana L. and Clark, Benton C. and Coleman, Max and Hofmann, Beda A. and Josset, Jean-Luc and Rettberg, Petra and Ride, Sally and Robert, François and Sephton, Mark A. and Yen, Albert (2008) The Urey Instrument: An Advanced In Situ Organic and Oxidant Detector for Mars Exploration. Astrobiology, 8 (3), pp. 583-595. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2007.0169

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Abstract

The Urey organic and oxidant detector consists of a suite of instruments designed to search for several classes of organic molecules in the martian regolith and ascertain whether these compounds were produced by biotic or abiotic processes using chirality measurements. These experiments will also determine the chemical stability of organic molecules within the host regolith based on the presence and chemical reactivity of surface and atmospheric oxidants. Urey has been selected for the Pasteur payload on the European Space Agency's (ESA's) upcoming 2013 ExoMars rover mission. The diverse and effective capabilities of Urey make it an integral part of the payload and will help to achieve a large portion of the mission's primary scientific objective: “to search for signs of past and present life on Mars.” This instrument is named in honor of Harold Urey for his seminal contributions to the fields of cosmochemistry and the origin of life.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/55009/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Urey Instrument: An Advanced In Situ Organic and Oxidant Detector for Mars Exploration
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Aubrey, Andrew D.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.UNSPECIFIED
Chalmers, John H.Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California.UNSPECIFIED
Bada, Jeffrey L.Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California.UNSPECIFIED
Grunthaner, Frank J.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.UNSPECIFIED
Amashukeli, XeniaJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.UNSPECIFIED
Willis, PeterJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.UNSPECIFIED
Skelley, Alison M.Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.UNSPECIFIED
Mathies, Richard A.University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California.UNSPECIFIED
Quinn, Richard C.SETI Institute, Mountain View, California.UNSPECIFIED
Zent, Aaron P.NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California.UNSPECIFIED
Ehrenfreund, PascaleLeiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden, The Netherlands.UNSPECIFIED
Amundson, RonUniversity of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California.UNSPECIFIED
Glavin, Daniel P.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland.UNSPECIFIED
Botta, OliverInternational Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland.UNSPECIFIED
Barron, LaurenceUniversity of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.UNSPECIFIED
Blaney, Diana L.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.UNSPECIFIED
Clark, Benton C.Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, Denver, Colorado.UNSPECIFIED
Coleman, MaxJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.UNSPECIFIED
Hofmann, Beda A.Natural History Museum, Bern, Switzerland.UNSPECIFIED
Josset, Jean-LucSPACE-X Exploration Institute, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.UNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ride, SallyImaginary Lines, San Diego, California.UNSPECIFIED
Robert, FrançoisMusée National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.UNSPECIFIED
Sephton, Mark A.Imperial College of London, London, UK.UNSPECIFIED
Yen, AlbertJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2008
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:8
DOI :10.1089/ast.2007.0169
Page Range:pp. 583-595
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Status:Published
Keywords:Astrobiology, The Urey Instrument, Mars, Origin of Life
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:20 Aug 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:10

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