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The mineralogical composition of dark dunes in Martian craters – A global view

Tirsch, Daniela and Jaumann, Ralf and Poulet, Francois and Matz, Klaus-Dieter and Bibring, Jean-Pierre and Neukum, Gerhard (2008) The mineralogical composition of dark dunes in Martian craters – A global view. EGU General Assembly, 2008-04-13 - 2008-04-18, Vienna (Austria).



A global selection of about 70 impact craters comprising multiple different types of dark material deposits, such as single dunes, huge dune fields or thin sand sheets was chosen for this study. By analyzing the mineralogy of these deposits, we want to examine whether there is any correlation between the mineralogical composition and the geographical location, or the dune surface induration, which was established previous works [1], respectively. For this analysis, MarsExpress-OMEGA spectral data were corrected for solar irradiance and atmospheric absorptions. The mineral detection was done using an IDL routine that applies a rationing technique on corrected data sets. The implemented rationing technique, as well as the spectral parameters (spectral criteria) used for mineral detection, were developed and described in detail by [2]. They include the typical absorption features for every mineral of interest, such as high- and low-calcium pyroxenes, olivine (forsterite and fayalite) and hydrated minerals. We present a global map showing the mineralogical composition of the selected intra-crater dark material occurrences. Besides the well-known mafic mineral composition (pyroxene and olivine), we could assess that most of the dark deposits show strong pyroxene absorptions. The minor part has olivine absorptions, whereas forsterite occurs in most cases. The results show no mineralogical difference between unconsolidated and consolidated dunes. There is also no correlation between the mineralogical composition and the geographical location recognizable. The unoxidized mafic nature of the material indicates that is was not affected by aqueous weathering. Thus, mechanical weathering could be the major process that caused the comminution of the material. In some places, a portion of the dark material shows absorption features of hydrated minerals indicating that the material has partly underlain a chemical alteration process. The hydration might have been caused by the supply of water, e.g. by melting H2O-frost layers. There is no obvious correlation between hydrated minerals and consolidated dune surfaces. However, it is notable that the positive detection of hydrated minerals concentrates in craters located in Arabia Terra and that all of these intra-crater materials show pyroxene absorptions and no olivine features. Although there is no correlation between the detected mineralogical composition and the dune surface induration, it cannot be excluded that the surface consolidation might correlate to any other minerals that could not be detected by OMEGA.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/55002/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The mineralogical composition of dark dunes in Martian craters – A global view
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Poulet, FrancoisInstitut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bibring, Jean-PierreInstitut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Neukum, GerhardFreie Universität BerlinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Mars, Dark dunes, Crater, Mineralogy
Event Title:EGU General Assembly
Event Location:Vienna (Austria)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:13 April 2008
Event End Date:18 April 2008
Organizer:European Geosciences Union
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt MARS-EXPRESS / HRSC (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Tirsch, Daniela
Deposited On:18 Aug 2008
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 19:18

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