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Automatic Traffic Monitoring from an Airborne Wide Angle Camera System

Rosenbaum, Dominik and Charmette, Baptiste and Kurz, Franz and Suri, Sahil and Thomas, Ulrike and Reinartz, Peter (2008) Automatic Traffic Monitoring from an Airborne Wide Angle Camera System. In: 2008 Beijing XXI ISPRS Congress, pp. 557-562. ISPRS 2008 (21. Congress), 2008-07-03 - 2008-07-11, Beijing, China.

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Abstract

We present an automatic traffic monitoring approach using data of an airborne wide angle camera system. This camera, namely the “3K-Camera”, was recently developed at the German Aerospace Center (DLR). It has a coverage of 8 km perpendicular to the flight direction at a flight height of 3000 m with a resolution of 45 cm and is capable to take images at a frame rate of up to 3 fps. Based on georeferenced images obtained from this camera system, a near real-time processing chain containing road extraction, vehicle detection, and vehicle tracking was developed and tested. The road extraction algorithms handle a-priori information provided by a road database for a first guess of the location of the roads. Two different techniques can be used for road extraction. In the first method, roadside features are found by using an edge detector based on ISEF filtering, selecting the steepest edge, which is normally the edge between the tarry roads and the vegetation. The second method extracts roads by searching the roadside markings using a dynamical threshold operator and a line detector. Vehicle detection then is limited to the road areas found by the road extraction algorithms. It is based on an edge detector, a k-means clustering of the edges, and on geometrical constraints, e.g. vehicle size. Vehicle tracking is performed by matching detected vehicles in pairs of consecutive images. For this matching the normalized cross correlation is calculated for each detected car within a limited search area. The algorithms for road extraction, vehicle detection and vehicle tracking proved to be quite sophisticated, enabling car detection and tracking rates with a completeness of 70 % and a correctness of up to 90 % on images obtained from a flight height of 1000 m.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/54913/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Automatic Traffic Monitoring from an Airborne Wide Angle Camera System
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rosenbaum, DominikUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Charmette, BaptisteÉcole Supérieure Chimie Physique Électronique de LyonUNSPECIFIED
Kurz, FranzUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Suri, SahilUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thomas, UlrikeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reinartz, PeterUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:3 July 2008
Journal or Publication Title:2008 Beijing XXI ISPRS Congress
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 557-562
Status:Published
Keywords:Aerial Digital Images, Monitoring, Disaster, Automation, Tracking
Event Title:ISPRS 2008 (21. Congress)
Event Location:Beijing, China
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2008-07-03 - 2008-07-11
Organizer:The International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - ARGOS (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Photogrammetry and Image Analysis
Deposited By: Rosenbaum, Dr.rer.nat. Dominik
Deposited On:04 Dec 2008
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:22

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