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From Earth exploration to space exploration – the evolution of a new type of discovery missions

Haese, Marc (2007) From Earth exploration to space exploration – the evolution of a new type of discovery missions. In: 58th International Astronautical Congress 2007 in Hyderabad, Indien. 58th International Astronautical Congress 2007, 2007-09-24 -2007-09-28, Hyderabad, Indien.

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Official URL: http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=503


Today, space exploration often is put in line with the endeavours of earth explorers in past centuries. This paper analyses mission objectives, motivations, political backgrounds and economic conditions of exploration missions between the 9th and the 20th century and compares them with present activities and plans in space exploration. Over 50 missions by explorers in the past centuries have been examined and it was found that historic missions can be divided into three categories of exploration: economically/politically motivated missions, science driven missions, and missions for competition and prestige. Based on this analysis, one example is presented for each category: Christopher Columbus, Alexander von Humboldt and the Apollo program. It is revealed that past exploration missions typically relied on one or two key objectives and were conducted by one single nation. Conversely, today’s – and future – rational for space exploration requires to take into account a set of key drivers which are derived from scientific, political, economic and public interests. Current developments in space exploration indicate the evolvement of a new age of exploration which focuses on servicing society, which builds on international cooperation, and which, therefore, would hold benefits for the participating nations as well as for humanity.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/54869/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:From Earth exploration to space exploration – the evolution of a new type of discovery missions
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Journal or Publication Title:58th International Astronautical Congress 2007 in Hyderabad, Indien
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Space, exploration, history, economy, economics, politics, space policy, science history Raumfahrt, Exploration, Geschichte, Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Politik, Raumfahrtpolitik, Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Event Title:58th International Astronautical Congress 2007
Event Location:Hyderabad, Indien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2007-09-24 -2007-09-28
Organizer:International Astronautical Federation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W - no assignment
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - no assignment (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Executive Board > Corporate Development and External Relations
Deposited By: Ortner, Dr.rer.nat. Jürgen
Deposited On:19 Aug 2008
Last Modified:19 Feb 2010 12:03

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