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Numerical Simulation of Planetary Interiors: Effective Domain Decomposition in Spherical Shells

Hüttig, C. (2008) Numerical Simulation of Planetary Interiors: Effective Domain Decomposition in Spherical Shells. NIC Symposium, 2008-02-20 - 2008-02-22, Jülich (Germany). (Unpublished)

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<p>To run a 3D spherical simulation with a reasonable resolution in an appropriate time, the code must work with more than one CPU in parallel. Typically a domain decomposition of the grid is applied, which is responsible for an optimal breakdown of the grid into p equal volumes, where p specifies the amount of domains and processors. An efficient domain decomposition minimizes the area between those sections, leading to a minimized overhead of data exchange between the processors. The resulting speedup of this method with the newly developed GAIA mantle convection code is presented in Figure 1 (right). Halo-cells, or sometimes called ghost-cells, arise in domain decomposition as additional cells in each domain to build an overlapping zone where data is exchanged. These cells border each domain and are on the same position as their active cells on the neighboring domain. The ratio between the amount of halo-cells to grid cells is a first measure of efficiency for parallelization because it determines the amount of data transported from one domain to another.</p> <p>One approach to decompose a sphere laterally is to distribute p points on the surface of a sphere so that the global potential energy becomes minimal. This is known as the Thomsom problem [Thomson, 1904]. After this step the domain affiliation for every cell is derived by its closest &quot;Thomson&quot; point. The resulting decomposition as shown in figure 1 leads to equal volumes which is important to balance the computational efforts for each CPU. Some p reproduce platonic solids; p=4 creates a tetrahedron, p=6 a cube and p=12 a dodecahedron. However, all p>1 show a certain symmetry [Wales and Ulker 2006].</p>

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/53733/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Numerical Simulation of Planetary Interiors: Effective Domain Decomposition in Spherical Shells
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Date:February 2008
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:3D spherical simulation; Planetary Interior; GAIA; mantle convection; Thomson problem
Event Title:NIC Symposium
Event Location:Jülich (Germany)
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:2008-02-20 - 2008-02-22
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Vergleichende Planetologie (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Deposited By: Hempel, Stefanie
Deposited On:29 Apr 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 14:51

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