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November 2004 space weather events: Real-time observations and forecasts

Trichtchenko, L. and Zhukov, A. and Van der Linden, R. and Stankov, S. M. and Jakowski, N. and Stanislawska, I. and Juchnikowski, G. and Wilkinson, P. and Patterson, G. and Thomson, A.W.P. (2007) November 2004 space weather events: Real-time observations and forecasts. Space Weather Journal, 5, pp. 1-17. AGU. DOI: 10.1029/2006SW000281

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Space weather events with their solar origin and their distribution through the heliosphere affect the whole magnetosphere-ionosphere-Earth system. Their real-time monitoring and forecasting are important for science and technology. Here we discuss one of the largest space weather events of Solar Cycle 23, in November 2004, which was also one of the most difficult periods to forecast. Nine halo coronal mass ejections (CMEs), interacting on their way through the interplanetary medium and forming two geoeffective interplanetary structures, exemplify the complexity of the event. Real-time and quasi-real-time observations of the ground geomagnetic field show rapid and extensive expansion of the auroral oval to 55° in geomagnetic latitude accompanied by great variability of the ionosphere. Geomagnetically induced currents (GICs) seen in ground networks, such as power grids and pipelines, were significant during the event, although no problems were reported. Forecasts of the CME propagation, global and local ground geomagnetic activity, and ionospheric parameters, issued by several regional warning centers, revealed certain deficiencies in predictions of the interplanetary characteristics of the CME, size of the geomagnetic disturbances, and complexity of the ionospheric variations produced by this event. This paper is a collective report based on the materials presented at the splinter session on November 2004 events during the first European Space Weather Week.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/52549/
Document Type:Article
Title:November 2004 space weather events: Real-time observations and forecasts
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Trichtchenko, L.Geomagnetic Laboratory, Natural Resources Canada, OttawaUNSPECIFIED
Zhukov, A.Solar Influences Data Analysis Center, Royal Observatory, BrusselsUNSPECIFIED
Van der Linden, R.Solar Influences Data Analysis Center, Royal Observatory, BrusselsUNSPECIFIED
Stankov, S. M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jakowski, N.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stanislawska, I.Space Research Centre, WarsawUNSPECIFIED
Juchnikowski, G.Space Research Centre, WarsawUNSPECIFIED
Wilkinson, P.Ionospheric Prediction Service Radio and Space Services, HaymarketUNSPECIFIED
Patterson, G.Ionospheric Prediction Service Radio and Space Services, HaymarketUNSPECIFIED
Thomson, A.W.P.British Geological Survey, EdinburghUNSPECIFIED
Date:2007
Journal or Publication Title:Space Weather Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:5
DOI :10.1029/2006SW000281
Page Range:pp. 1-17
Publisher:AGU
Keywords:forecasting; magnetic storms; space weather
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Ionosphärenerkundung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Navigation
Deposited By: Jakowski, Dr.rer.nat. Norbert
Deposited On:07 Jan 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 14:36

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