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Simulation of the environmental climate conditions on martian surface and its effect on Deinococcus radiodurans

Pogoda de la Vega, Ulrike and Rettberg, Petra and Reitz, Günther (2007) Simulation of the environmental climate conditions on martian surface and its effect on Deinococcus radiodurans. Advances in Space Research, 40 (11), pp. 1672-1677. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2007.05.022.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The resistance of terrestrial microorganisms under the thermo-physical conditions of Mars (diurnal temperature variations, UV climate, atmospheric pressure and gas composition) at mid-latitudes was studied for the understanding and assessment of potential life processes on Mars. In order to accomplish a targeted search for life on other planets, e.g. Mars, it is necessary to know the limiting physical and chemical parameters of terrestrial life. Therefore the polyextremophile bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans was chosen as test organism for these investigations. For the simulation studies at the Planetary and Space Simulation Facilities (PSI) at DLR, Cologne, Germany, conditions that are present during the southern summer at latitude of 60° on Mars were applied. We could simulate several environmental parameters of Mars in one single experiment: vacuum/low pressure, anoxic atmosphere and diurnal cycles in temperature and relative humidity, energy-rich ultraviolet (UV) radiation as well as shielding by different martian soil analogue materials. These parameters have been applied both single and in different combinations in laboratory experiments. Astonishingly the diurnal Mars-like cycles in temperature and relative humidity affected the viability of D. radiodurans cells quite severely. But the martian UV climate turned out to be the most deleterious factor, though D. radiodurans is red-pigmented due to carotenoids incorporated in its cell wall, which have been assigned not only a possible role as free radical scavenger but also as a UV-protectant. An additional UV-protection was accomplished by mixing the bacteria with nano-sized hematite.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/51837/
Document Type:Article
Title:Simulation of the environmental climate conditions on martian surface and its effect on Deinococcus radiodurans
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Pogoda de la Vega, UlrikeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reitz, GüntherUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2007
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:40
DOI:10.1016/j.asr.2007.05.022
Page Range:pp. 1672-1677
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
COSPAR, UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars simulation, Biological response, UV-radiation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:20 Nov 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 14:28

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