elib
DLR-Header
DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Imprint | Privacy Policy | Contact | Deutsch
Fontsize: [-] Text [+]

Civil aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: the new CARIBIC system

Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. and Crutzen, P. and Boumard, F. and Dauer, T. and Dix, B. and Ebinghaus, R. and Filippi, D. and Fischer, H. and Franke, H. and Frieß, U. and Heintzenberg, J. and Helleis, F. and Hermann, M. and Kock, H.H. and Koeppel, C. and Lelieveld, J. and Leuenberger, M. and Martinsson, B.G. and Miemczyk, S. and Moret, H.P. and Nguyen, H.N. and Nyfeler, P. and Oram, D. and O'Sullivan, D. and Penkett, . S. and Platt, U. and Pupek, M. and Ramonet, M. and Randa, B. and Reichelt, M. and Rhee, T.S. and Rohwer, J. and Rosenfeld, K. and Scharffe, D. and Schlager, H. and Schumann, U. and Slemr, F. and Sprung, D. and Stock, P. and Thaler, R. and Valentino, F. and Velthoven van, P. and Waibel, A. and Wandel, A. and Waschitschek, K. and Wiedensohler, A. and Xueref-Remy, I. and Zahn, A. and Zech, U. and Ziereis, H. (2007) Civil aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: the new CARIBIC system. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7, pp. 4953-4976. Copernicus Publications.

[img]
Preview
PDF
805kB

Official URL: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net

Abstract

A large airfreight container with automated instruments for measurement of atmospheric gases and trace compounds was operated on a monthly basis onboard a Boeing 767-300 ER of LTU International Airways during long-distance flights from 1997 to 5 2002 (CARIBIC, Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, http://www.caribic-atmospheric.com). Subsequently a more advanced system has been developed, using a larger capacity container with additional equipment and an improved inlet system. CARIBIC phase #2 was implemented on a new long-range aircraft type Airbus A340-600 of the Lufthansa German Airlines (Star 10 Alliance) in December 2004, creating a powerful flying observatory. The instrument package comprises detectors for the measurement of O<sub>3</sub>, total and gaseous H<sub>2</sub>O, NO and NOy, CO, CO<sub>2</sub>, O<sub>2</sub> Hg, and number concentrations of sub-micrometer particles (>4 nm, >12 nm, and >18nm diameter). Furthermore, an optical particle counter and a proton transfer mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) are installed. Aerosol samples are 15 collected for analyses of elemental composition and particle morphology after flight. Air samples are taken in glass containers for laboratory analyses of hydrocarbons, halocarbons and greenhouse gases in several laboratories. Absorption tubes collect oxygenated volatile organic compounds. Three differential optical absorption spectrometers (DOAS) with their telescopes mounted in the inlet system measure atmo20 spheric trace gases such as BrO, HONO, and NO<sub>2</sub>. A video camera mounted in the inlet provides information about clouds along the flight track. Here we describe the flying observatory and report examples of measurement results.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/49608/
Document Type:Article
Title:Civil aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: the new CARIBIC system
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Crutzen, P.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Boumard, F.CNRS, Gif sur Yvette Cedex, FUNSPECIFIED
Dauer, T.Lufthansa Technik, FrankfurtUNSPECIFIED
Dix, B.Univ. Heidelberg, HeidelbergUNSPECIFIED
Ebinghaus, R.GKSS, GeesthachtUNSPECIFIED
Filippi, D.CNRS, Gif sur Yvette Cedex, FUNSPECIFIED
Fischer, H.FZ Karlsruhe, KarlsruheUNSPECIFIED
Franke, H.Enviscope GmbH, FrankfurtUNSPECIFIED
Frieß, U.Univ. Heidelberg, HeidelbergUNSPECIFIED
Heintzenberg, J.Leibniz-Inst. für Troposphärenforschung, LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
Helleis, F.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Hermann, M.Leibniz-Inst. für Troposphärenforschung, LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
Kock, H.H.GKSS, GeesthachtUNSPECIFIED
Koeppel, C.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Lelieveld, J.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Leuenberger, M.Univ. Bern, Bern, CHUNSPECIFIED
Martinsson, B.G.Univ. of Lund, Lund, SUNSPECIFIED
Miemczyk, S.Lufthansa Technik, HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Moret, H.P.Univ. Bern, Bern, CHUNSPECIFIED
Nguyen, H.N.Univ. of Lund, Lund, SUNSPECIFIED
Nyfeler, P.Univ. Bern, Bern, CHUNSPECIFIED
Oram, D.Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich, UKUNSPECIFIED
O'Sullivan, D.Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich, UKUNSPECIFIED
Penkett, . S.Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich, UKUNSPECIFIED
Platt, U.Univ. Heidelberg, HeidelbergUNSPECIFIED
Pupek, M.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Ramonet, M.CNRS, Gif sur Yvette Cedex, FUNSPECIFIED
Randa, B.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Reichelt, M.Leibniz-Inst. für Troposphärenforschung, LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
Rhee, T.S.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Rohwer, J.Lufthansa Technik, HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Rosenfeld, K.Lufthansa Technik, HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Scharffe, D.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Schlager, H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schumann, U.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Slemr, F.MPI, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Sprung, D.FZ Karlsruhe, KarlsruheUNSPECIFIED
Stock, P.Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich, UKUNSPECIFIED
Thaler, R.Lufthansa Technik, HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Valentino, F.Univ. Bern, Bern, CHUNSPECIFIED
Velthoven van, P.KNMI, de Bilt, NLUNSPECIFIED
Waibel, A.Lufthansa, FrankfurtUNSPECIFIED
Wandel, A.Heggeman Aerospace AG, BürenUNSPECIFIED
Waschitschek, K.Garner CAD Technik GmbH, OberpfaffenhofenUNSPECIFIED
Wiedensohler, A.Leibniz-Inst. für Troposphärenforschung, LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
Xueref-Remy, I.CNRS, Gif sur Yvette Cedex, FUNSPECIFIED
Zahn, A.FZ Karlsruhe, KarlsruheUNSPECIFIED
Zech, U.KOLT Engineering GmbH, OberpfaffenhofenUNSPECIFIED
Ziereis, H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2007
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:7
Page Range:pp. 4953-4976
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
Status:Published
Keywords:Nitrgoen Oxides, Aircraft, measurements, upper troposphere, lower stratopshere
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Freund, Jana
Deposited On:01 Oct 2007
Last Modified:02 May 2019 14:03

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Browse
Search
Help & Contact
Information
electronic library is running on EPrints 3.3.12
Copyright © 2008-2017 German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.