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Formation of the double rift system in the Thaumasia Highlands, Mars

Grott, M. and Kronberg, P. and Hauber, E. and Cailleau, B. (2007) Formation of the double rift system in the Thaumasia Highlands, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, E06006. American Geophysical Union. doi: 10.1029/2006JE002800.

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The Thaumasia Highland Rifts are two complex graben structures in the Thaumasia Highland belt, located in the southern Thaumasia region, Mars. The rifts are arranged 90–130 km apart in a nearly subparallel setting and represent a very unusual style of crustal deformation. We have investigated the mechanism responsible for this peculiar style of rifting and found strain localization by volcanic weak zones to be a major factor for fault-pattern formation, indicating widespread prerift and synrift volcanic activity in the region. This result is consistent with the high heat flow during rift emplacement as estimated from rift flank uplift. Our results indicate that the onset of volcanism predates the rift formation process and that magmatism and the associated lithospheric weak zones control the rift locations. The simulations performed here are in good agreement with the observations for extension in the NW–SE to NNW–SSE direction, and we favor a formation scenario involving passive rifting in a magmatectonically active environment.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/48979/
Document Type:Article
Title:Formation of the double rift system in the Thaumasia Highlands, Mars
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Kronberg, P.Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Technical University ClausthalUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cailleau, B.Institute of Geodynamics, GeoForschungsZentrum PotsdamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Geophysical Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:E06006
Publisher:American Geophysical Union
Keywords:Mars, Tectonics, continental rifting
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt MARS-EXPRESS / HRSC (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Musiol, Stefanie
Deposited On:10 Jul 2007
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 19:11

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