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Shielding from cosmic radiation for interplanetary missions: Active and passive methods

Spillantini, P. and Casolino, M. and Durante, M. and Mueller-Mellin, R. and Reitz, Günther and Rossi, L. and Shurshakov, V. and Sorbi, M. (2007) Shielding from cosmic radiation for interplanetary missions: Active and passive methods. Radiation Measurements, 42, pp. 14-23. Elsevier.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Shielding is arguably the main countermeasure for the exposure to cosmic radiation during interplanetary exploratory missions. However, shielding of cosmic rays, both of galactic or solar origin, is problematic, because of the high energy of the charged particles involved and the nuclear fragmentation occurring in shielding materials. Although computer codes can predict the shield performance in space, there is a lack of biological and physical measurements to benchmark the codes. An attractive alternative to passive, bulk material shielding is the use of electromagnetic fields to deflect the charged particles from the spacecraft target. Active shielding concepts based on electrostatic fields, plasma, or magnetic fields have been proposed in the past years, and should be revised based on recent technological improvements. To address these issues, the European Space Agency (ESA) established a Topical Team (TT) in 2002 including European experts in the field of space radiation shielding and superconducting magnets. The TT identified a number of open research questions to be addressed, including development and testing of novel shielding materials, studies on the angular distributions of energetic solar particles, and cooling systems for magnetic lenses in space. A detailed report to the ESA will be published within a few months. A summary of the TT conclusions and recommendations will be discussed in this paper, with emphasis on active shielding using superconducting magnets.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/48229/
Document Type:Article
Title:Shielding from cosmic radiation for interplanetary missions: Active and passive methods
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Spillantini, P.Department of Physics, University of Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Casolino, M.INFN, Sezione di Roma 2, Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Durante, M.Department of Physics, University Federico II, Napoli, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Mueller-Mellin, R.Institute for Experimental Physics, University of Kiel, Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Reitz, GüntherUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rossi, L.CERN, Geneva, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Shurshakov, V.Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Sorbi, M.Department of Physics, University of Milano, Milano, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2007
Journal or Publication Title:Radiation Measurements
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:42
Page Range:pp. 14-23
Publisher:Elsevier
Status:Published
Keywords:Cosmic Radiation, Interplanetary Missions, Radiation Dosimetry, Shielding
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:14 May 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:44

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