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The conceptual design of a hybrid life support system based on the evaluation and comparison of terrestrial testbeds

Czupalla, Markus and Horneck, Gerda and Blome, H.J. (2005) The conceptual design of a hybrid life support system based on the evaluation and comparison of terrestrial testbeds. Advances in Space Research, 35, pp. 1609-1620. Elsevier.

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Abstract

This report summarizes a trade study of different options of a bioregenerative Life Support System (LSS) and a subsequent conceptual design of a hybrid LSS. The evaluation was based mainly on the terrestrial testbed projects MELISSA (ESA) and BIOS (Russia). In addition, some methods suggested by the Advanced Life Support Project (NASA) were considered. Computer models, including mass flows were established for each of the systems with the goal of closing system loops to the extent possible. In order to cope with the differences in the supported crew size and provided nutrition, all systems were scaled for supporting a crew of six for a 780 day Mars mission (180 days transport to Mars; 600 days surface period) as given in the NASA Design Reference Mission Scenario [Hoffman, S.J., Kaplan, D.L. Human exploration of Mars: the Reference Mission of the NASA Mars Exploratory Study, 1997]. All models were scaled to provide the same daily allowances, as of calories, to the crew. Equivalent System Mass (ESM) analysis was used to compare the investigated system models against each other. Following the comparison of the terrestrial systems, the system specific subsystem options for Food Supply, Solid Waste Processing, Water Management and Atmosphere Revitalization were evaluated in a separate trade study. The best subsystem technologies from the trade study were integrated into an overall design solution based on mass flow relationships. The optimized LSS is mainly a bioregenerative system, complemented by a few physicochemical elements, with a total ESM of 18,088 kg, which is about 4 times higher than that of a pure physico-chemical LSS, as designed in an earlier study.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/47502/
Document Type:Article
Title:The conceptual design of a hybrid life support system based on the evaluation and comparison of terrestrial testbeds
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Czupalla, MarkusUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Horneck, GerdaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Blome, H.J.Aachen University of Applied Sciences, Aerospace Engineering, Hohenstaufenallee 6, 52064 Aachen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2005
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:35
Page Range:pp. 1609-1620
Editors:
EditorsEmail
COSPAR, UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier
Status:Published
Keywords:Life Support System LSS, Closed Ecological Life Support System CELSS, Bioregenerative Life Support System BLSS, Human Mars mission, Life Support System Modeling, Life Support System Optimization
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:05 Mar 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:34

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