elib
DLR-Header
DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Imprint | Privacy Policy | Contact | Deutsch
Fontsize: [-] Text [+]

SSIOUX – Space simulation for investigating organics, evolution and exobiology

Rabbow, Elke and Rettberg, Petra and Panitz, Corinna and Drescher, Jörg and Horneck, Gerda and Reitz, Günther (2005) SSIOUX – Space simulation for investigating organics, evolution and exobiology. Advances in Space Research, 36, pp. 297-302. Elsevier.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Ground based experiments, conducted in advanced space environment simulation facilities, complement the exo/astrobiological experiments in Low Earth Orbit (LEO). For example, the in-orbit ESA-facility EXPOSE on the International Space Station ISS can only accommodate a limited number of experiments for exposure to the space parameters high vacuum, intense radiation of galactic and solar origin and microgravity. Ground based experiments in carefully equipped and monitored simulation facilities allow necessary experiment preparation and additional investigation of a much wider variety of samples. In the ESA accepted experiment SSIOUX, ESA-RA-LS-01-PREP, an international consortium of 14 prime investigators will expose organic compounds and a wide range of microorganisms, from bacterial spores to complex microbial communities, to simulated space environment parameters in pursuit of exobiological questions on their resistance to space environment and the origin and distribution of life. The experiments will be conducted in the Planetary and Space Simulation Facilities of the Institute of Aerospace Medicine at DLR in Köln, Germany, where the simulated space parameters vacuum with controlled residual composition, ionizing radiation, polychromatic UV radiation and selected UV ranges from vacuum-UV to UVA, VIS and IR or individual monochromatic UV wavelengths, and temperature control at the sample site are provided individually or in selected combinations in 9 facilities of varying sizes. Parameters are constantly measured and data are available in real time online during the exposure. Experiments in these facilities discriminate between the effects of individual space parameters and selected combinations. In addition, they serve as ground experiments defining interesting and suitable biological samples for future space experiments and compliment the data of executed space experiments and those in progress. As 1 x g controls, they also enable the identification of microgravity effects when compared to the space experiments. Here, the SSIOUX consortium and their experiments will be presented as well as the ground based Planetary and Space Simulation Facilities at DLR. The results of the SSIOUX experiments will be directly comparable and are designed to lead to further understanding of adaptation and evolution of life.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/47430/
Document Type:Article
Title:SSIOUX – Space simulation for investigating organics, evolution and exobiology
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Rabbow, ElkeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Panitz, CorinnaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Drescher, JörgUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Horneck, GerdaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reitz, GüntherUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2005
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:36
Page Range:pp. 297-302
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
COSPAR, UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier
Status:Published
Keywords:Space, Planetary protection, Low Earth Orbit, LEO, EXPOSE; ISS, Space simulation, Origin of life, Extremophiles, Organics, Prebiotic evolution, Panspermia, Radiation, Dosimetry, Vacuum
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:05 Mar 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:33

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Browse
Search
Help & Contact
Information
electronic library is running on EPrints 3.3.12
Copyright © 2008-2017 German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.