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HUMEX, a study on the survivability and adaptation of humans to long-duration exploratory missions, part II: Missions to Mars

Horneck, Gerda and Facius, Rainer and Reichert, Michael and Rettberg, Petra and Seboldt, Wolfgang and Manzey, Dieter and Comet, B. and Maillet, A. and Preiss, H. and Schauer, L. and Dussap, C.G. and Poughon, L. and Belyavin, A. and Reitz, Günther and Baumstark-Khan, Christa and Gerzer, Rupert (2006) HUMEX, a study on the survivability and adaptation of humans to long-duration exploratory missions, part II: Missions to Mars. Advances in Space Research, 38, pp. 752-759. Elsevier.

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Abstract

Space exploration programmes, currently under discussion in the US and in Europe, foresee human missions to Mars to happen within the first half of this century. In this context, the European Space Agency (ESA) has conducted a study on the human responses, limits and needs for such exploratory missions, the so-called HUMEX study (ESA SP-1264). Based on a critical assessment of the limiting factors for human health and performance and the definition of the life science and life support requirements performed in the frame of the HUMEX study, the following major critical items have been identified: (i) radiation health risks, mainly occurring during the interplanetary transfer phases and severely augmented in case of an eruption of a solar particle event; (ii) health risks caused by extended periods in microgravity with an unacceptable risk of bone fracture as a consequence of bone demineralisation; (iii) psychological risks as a consequence of long-term isolation and confinement in an environment so far not experienced by humans; (iv) the requirement of bioregenerative life support systems complementary to physico-chemical systems, and of in situ resource utilisation to reach a closure of the life support system to the highest degree possible. Considering these constraints, it has been concluded that substantial research and development activities are required in order to provide the basic information for appropriate integrated risk managements, including efficient countermeasures and tailored life support. Methodological approaches should include research on the ISS, on robotic precursors missions to Mars, in ground-based simulation facilities as well as in analogue natural environments on Earth

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/47238/
Document Type:Article
Title:HUMEX, a study on the survivability and adaptation of humans to long-duration exploratory missions, part II: Missions to Mars
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Horneck, GerdaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Facius, RainerUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reichert, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Seboldt, WolfgangUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Manzey, DieterUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Comet, B.MEDES, 1 av. Jean Poulhe` s, F-31403 Toulouse, Cedex 4, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Maillet, A.MEDES, 1 av. Jean Poulhe` s, F-31403 Toulouse, Cedex 4, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Preiss, H.EADS Space Transportation GmbH, D-88039 Friedrichshafen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Schauer, L.EADS Space Transportation GmbH, D-88039 Friedrichshafen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Dussap, C.G.Universite´ Blaise Pascale-Clermont 2, LGCB, F-63177 Aubie`re Cedex, FraUNSPECIFIED
Poughon, L.Universite´ Blaise Pascale-Clermont 2, LGCB, F-63177 Aubie`re Cedex, FraUNSPECIFIED
Belyavin, A.QinetiQ, Farnborough, Hampshire GU 14 OLX, UKUNSPECIFIED
Reitz, GüntherUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Baumstark-Khan, ChristaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gerzer, RupertUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2006
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:38
Page Range:pp. 752-759
Editors:
EditorsEmail
COSPAR, UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier
Status:Published
Keywords:Human missions to Mars, Space medicine, Space psychology, Life support systems, Radiation protection, Microgravity
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:08 May 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:30

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