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Maximum Likelihood Delay Estimation in a Navigation Receiver for Aeronautical Applications

Antreich, Felix and Nossek, Josef A. and Utschick, Wolfgang (2005) Maximum Likelihood Delay Estimation in a Navigation Receiver for Aeronautical Applications. Aerospace Science and Technology, 12 (3), pp. 256-267. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.ast.2007.06.005.

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The potential of the SAGE (Space Alternating Generalized Expectation Maximization) algorithm for navigation systems in order to distinguish the line-of-sight signal (LOSS) is to be considered. The SAGE algorithm is a low-complexity generalization of the EM (Expectation-Maximization) algorithm, which iteratively approximates the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) and has been successfully applied for parameter estimation (relative delay, incident azimuth, incident elevation, Doppler frequency, and complex amplitude of impinging waves) in mobile radio environments. This study discusses receivers using a single antenna or an antenna array. Whereas we estimate the complex amplitudes, relative delays, and Doppler frequencies of the impinging waves, in the latter additionally the spatial signature of the impinging waves (incident azimuth and elevation) is estimated. The results of the performed computer simulations and discussion indicate that the SAGE algorithm has the potential to be a very powerful high resolution method to successfully estimate parameters of impinging waves for navigation systems. SAGE has proven to be a promising method to combat multipath for aircraft navigation applications due to its good performance, fast convergence, and low complexity.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/47061/
Document Type:Article
Title:Maximum Likelihood Delay Estimation in a Navigation Receiver for Aeronautical Applications
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Nossek, Josef A.Technische Universität München (TUM)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Utschick, WolfgangTechnische Universität München (TUM)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Aerospace Science and Technology
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 256-267
Keywords:Delay estimation, multipath mitigation, navigation receiver, maximum likelihood
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W KN - Kommunikation/Navigation
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W KN - Kommunikation/Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben GNSS2/Neue Dienste und Produkte (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Navigation
Deposited By: Antreich, Felix
Deposited On:21 Apr 2008
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:23

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