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Improved on-line diagnostics for low temperature fuel cells

Friedrich, Kaspar Andreas and Gülzow, Erich and Knöri, Thorsten and Schönbauer, Stefan (2006) Improved on-line diagnostics for low temperature fuel cells. In: Tagungs-CD New Materials for Fuel Cell Technology. Achema 2006, 2006-05-15 - 2006-05-19, Frankfurt / Main.

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Abstract

In the past various techniques to measure the current density distribution in PEFC were developed at the DLR institute in Stuttgart. These techniques are used successfully to advance and to support the development of fuel cell stacks. However, the current density distribution measurements can also be used as a feedback control system to optimize the operation conditions, to avoid unfavourable conditions and to detect problems and defects at an early state. Current density measurements were investigated since a few years as a diagnostic tool for fuel cells. The measuring plates are bipolar plates, which are built by a common and cheap printed board technology. Results can be used to validate models and to optimise components of a stack, e.g. flow field and manifold design, as well as the operating conditions of fuel cells. By applying segmented bipolar plates as sensor plates for system control integrated in stack systems high performance, safe operation and long life cycles can be achieved. The main challenge in the development of control strategies based on current density measurements is their interpretation. Therefore a simple and fast simulation of measured current density distribution has been developed taking into account the major influences on fuel cell performance (mainly the water management). As a result the actual local partial pressures e.g. of oxygen and of water can be determined in short intervals and as a consequence a malfunction of the stack can be detected and avoided.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/46041/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Improved on-line diagnostics for low temperature fuel cells
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Friedrich, Kaspar AndreasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gülzow, ErichUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Knöri, ThorstenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schönbauer, StefanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:15 May 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Tagungs-CD New Materials for Fuel Cell Technology
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:diagnostic methods, fuel cells
Event Title:Achema 2006
Event Location:Frankfurt / Main
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-05-15 - 2006-05-19
Organizer:DECHEMA
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion (old)
HGF - Program Themes:E BZ - Fuel cells (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E BZ - Fuel cells
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Membran-Brennstoffzellen (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Friedrich, Prof.Dr. Kaspar Andreas
Deposited On:15 May 2007
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:22

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